Evaluation of size-based distribution of drug and excipient in amphotericin B liposomal formulation.

International journal of pharmaceutics (2019-08-12)
Desiree Van Haute, Wenlei Jiang, Thilak Mudalige

Conventional quantitation of drug content in the liposome formulation involves the breakdown of bulk liposomes, which ignores details on the distribution of the active pharmaceutical ingredient (API) and excipients in liposomes of different sizes. The objective of this study is to develop an analytical method which can separate the liposomes into different sizes and obtain information of the drug and excipient distribution in the different sized liposomes. We developed an asymmetric flow field-flow fractionation (AF4) method for size-based separation of AmBisome, an amphotericin B liposomal formulation, and a high-performance liquid chromatography ultraviolet-visible and charged aerosol detection (HPLC-UV-CAD) method for simultaneous quantitation of the API (Amphotericin B) and the lipid excipients [1,2-Distearoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoglycerol (DSPG), hydrogenated soy phosphatidylcholine (HSPC), and cholesterol]. The measured drug content in the bulk liposome formulation was consistent with the drug product labeling. Liposomes were separated using AF4 into eleven size fractions and the liposomes particles sizes of each fraction were measured with nanoparticle tracking analysis. The drug to total lipid ratios in fractionated liposomes increased from 0.1 to 0.45 when the liposome size increased from 75 nm to 124 nm, while the lipid composition remained constant throughout the fractioned size range (cholesterol:DSPG, 0.7 and HSPC:DSPG, 0.3). These study results suggest that, for liposomal formulations of Amphotericin B in liposomes, the drug to lipid ratio increases with the size of the liposomes. This new analytical method provided a more in-depth characterization of liposomes, i.e., determining drug and excipient distributions in different sizes of liposomes, in a more efficient manner with more specific size-based composition information.

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Amphotericin B, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
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