Innervation of internal female genital organs in the pig during prenatal development.

Journal of anatomy (2019-07-28)
Amelia Franke-Radowiecka, Ewelina Prozorowska, Michal Zalecki, Hanna Jackowiak, Jerzy Kaleczyc

This study investigated the innervation of internal genital organs in 5-, 7- and 10-week-old female pig foetuses using single and double-labelling immunofluorescence methods. The structure and topography of the organs was examined using a scanning electron microscope (SEM). The investigations revealed differences in the innervation between the three developmental periods. Immunostaining for protein gene product 9.5 (PGP; general neural marker) disclosed solitary nerve fibres in the external part of the gonadal ridge and just outside of the mesenchyme surrounding mesonephric ducts in 5-week-old foetuses. Double-labelling immunohistochemistry revealed that nerve fibres associated with the ridge expressed dopamine β-hydroxylase (DβH; adrenergic marker) or vesicular acetylcholine transporter (VAChT; cholinergic marker). In 7-week-old foetuses, the PGP-positive nerve terminals were absent from the gonad but some of them ran outside and along, and sometimes penetrated into the mesenchyme surrounding the tubal and uterine segments of the paramesonephric ducts and uterovaginal canal. Few axons penetrated into the mesenchyme. DβH-positive fibres were found in single nerve strands or bundles distributed at the edge of the mesenchyme. VAChT-positive nerve terminals formed delicate bundles located at the edge of the mesenchyme, and the single nerves penetrated into the mesenchyme. DβH was also expressed by neurons which formed cell clusters comprising also DβH- or VAChT-positive nerve fibres. In 10-week-old foetuses, PGP-positive nerve fibres were still absent from the ovary but some were distributed in the mesenchyme associated with the uterovaginal canal and uterine and a tubal segment of the paramesonephric ducts, respectively. DβH- or VAChT-positive nerve fibres were distributed at the periphery of the mesenchyme associated with the uterovaginal canal. Some DβH- and many VAChT-positive nerve fibres were evenly distributed throughout the mesenchyme. The clusters of nerve cells comprised DβH-positive perikarya and DβH- or VAChT-positive nerve fibres. The investigations revealed no DβH/VAChT-positive nerve fibres or neurons as well as no nerve structures stained for calcitonin gene-related peptide and/or substance P (sensory markers) associated with the genital organs in the studied prenatal periods.

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Calcitonin Gene Related Peptide human, ≥95% (HPLC), powder