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A newly identified derivative of amphotericin B: isolation, structure determination and primary evaluation of the activity and toxicity.

The Journal of antibiotics (2010-07-08)
Yong-Hong Wang, Jing-Pu Zhang, Yan Chang, Chang-Qin Hu
RESUMO

A new derivative of amphotericin B named amphotericin B(5) has been obtained under the following condition: amphotericin B powder was first dissolved in N,N-dimethylformamide at room temperature to obtain a solution of concentration of 2.0 mg ml(-1). Then, the solution was kept at 60 °C in an electric-heated thermostatic water bath for 48-60 h for the purpose of accelerating the degradation. Amphotericin B(5) was isolated by preparative HPLC. Its structure has been identified by means of UV, NMR and LCMS-IT-TOF as (1R, 3S, 5R, 6R, 9R, 11R, 15S, 16R, 17R, 18S, 19E, 21E, 23E, 25E, 27E, 29E, 31E, 33R, 35S, 36R, 37S)-33-[3-form-amide-3,6-dideoxy-β--mannopy-ran-osyl)oxy]-1,3,5,6,9,11,17,37-octahydroxy-15,16,18-trimethyl-13-oxo-14,39-di-oxabicyclo [33.3.1] nonatriaconta-19,21,23,25,27,29,31-heptaene-36-carboxylic acid named according to the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry. The activity of amphotericin B(5) was tested against Saccharomyces cerevisiae based on microbiological potency using cylinder-plate method, and the toxicities of amphotericin B and amphotericin B(5) were determined simultaneously in zebrafish embryo. The results showed that the toxicity of amphotericin B(5), as revealed by its LD(50) value, was lower than amphotericin B.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Amphotericin B solution, 250 μg/mL in deionized water, 0.1 μm filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture