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  • Dynein-mediated microtubule translocation powering neurite outgrowth in chick and Aplysia neurons requires microtubule assembly.

Dynein-mediated microtubule translocation powering neurite outgrowth in chick and Aplysia neurons requires microtubule assembly.

Journal of cell science (2020-04-26)
Kristi McElmurry, Jessica E Stone, Donghan Ma, Phillip Lamoureux, Yueyun Zhang, Michelle Steidemann, Lucas Fix, Fang Huang, Kyle E Miller, Daniel M Suter
ABSTRACT

Previously, we have shown that bulk microtubule (MT) movement correlates with neurite elongation, and blocking either dynein activity or MT assembly inhibits both processes. However, whether the contributions of MT dynamics and dynein activity to neurite elongation are separate or interdependent is unclear. Here, we investigated the underlying mechanism by testing the roles of dynein and MT assembly in neurite elongation of Aplysia and chick neurites using time-lapse imaging, fluorescent speckle microscopy, super-resolution imaging and biophysical analysis. Pharmacologically inhibiting either dynein activity or MT assembly reduced neurite elongation rates as well as bulk and individual MT anterograde translocation. Simultaneously suppressing both processes did not have additive effects, suggesting a shared mechanism of action. Single-molecule switching nanoscopy revealed that inhibition of MT assembly decreased the association of dynein with MTs. Finally, inhibiting MT assembly prevented the rise in tension induced by dynein inhibition. Taken together, our results suggest that MT assembly is required for dynein-driven MT translocation and neurite outgrowth.

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