HEAT SHOCK FACTOR A8a Modulates Flavonoid Synthesis and Drought Tolerance.

Plant physiology (2020-09-23)
Nan Wang, Wenjun Liu, Lei Yu, Zhangwen Guo, Zijing Chen, Shenghui Jiang, Haifeng Xu, Hongcheng Fang, Yicheng Wang, Zongying Zhang, Xuesen Chen
RESUMO

Drought is an important environmental factor affecting the growth and production of agricultural crops and fruits worldwide, including apple (Malus domestica). Heat shock factors (HSFs) have well-documented functions in stress responses, but their roles in flavonoid synthesis and the flavonoid-mediated drought response mechanism remain elusive. In this study, we demonstrated that a drought-responsive HSF, designated MdHSFA8a, promotes the accumulation of flavonoids, scavenging of reactive oxygen species, and plant survival under drought conditions. A chaperone, HEAT SHOCK PROTEIN90 (HSP90), interacted with MdHSFA8a to inhibit its binding activity and transcriptional activation. However, under drought stress, the MdHSP90-MdHSFA8a complex dissociated and the released MdHSFA8a further interacted with the APETALA2/ETHYLENE RESPONSIVE FACTOR family transcription factor RELATED TO AP2.12 to activate downstream gene activity. In addition, we demonstrated that MdHSFA8a participates in abscisic acid-induced stomatal closure and promotes the expression of abscisic acid signaling-related genes. Collectively, these findings provide insight into the mechanism by which stress-inducible MdHSFA8a modulates flavonoid synthesis to regulate drought tolerance.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100, laboratory grade
Rutin, phyproof® Reference Substance