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  • Identifying potential patient-specific predictors for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction outcome - a diagnostic in vitro tissue remodeling platform.

Identifying potential patient-specific predictors for anterior cruciate ligament reconstruction outcome - a diagnostic in vitro tissue remodeling platform.

Journal of experimental orthopaedics (2020-07-06)
Marc van Vijven, Bart van Groningen, Joyce N Kimenai, Maria C van der Steen, Marina van Doeselaar, Rob P A Janssen, Keita Ito, Jasper Foolen
RESUMO

Upon anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) rupture, reconstruction is often required, with the hamstring tendon autograft as most widely used treatment. Post-operative autograft remodeling enhances graft rupture risk, which occurs in up to 10% of the patient population, increasing up to 30% of patients aged under 20 years. Therefore, this research aimed to identify potential biological predictors for graft rupture, derived from patient-specific tissue remodeling-related cell properties in an in vitro micro-tissue platform. Hamstring tendon-derived cells were obtained from remnant autograft tissue after ACL reconstructions (36 patients, aged 12-55 years), and seeded in collagen I gels on a micro-tissue platform. Micro-tissue compaction over time - induced by altering the boundary constraints - was monitored. Pro-collagen I expression was assessed using ELISA, and protein expression of tenomodulin and α-smooth muscle actin were measured using Western blot. Expression and activity of matrix metalloproteinase 2 were determined using gelatin zymography. Only micro-tissues corresponding to younger patients occasionally released themselves from the constraining posts. Pro-collagen I expression was significantly higher in younger patients. Differences in α-smooth muscle actin and tenomodulin expression between patients were found, but these were age-independent. Active matrix metalloproteinase 2 expression was slightly more abundant in younger patients. The presented micro-tissue platform exposed patient-specific remodeling-related differences between tendon-derived cells, with the micro-tissues that released from constraining posts and pro-collagen I expression best reflecting the clinical age-dependency of graft rupture. These properties can be the starting point in the quest for potential predictors for identifying individual patients at risk for graft rupture.

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