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  • The vitamin D analogue calcipotriol promotes an anti-tumorigenic phenotype of human pancreatic CAFs but reduces T cell mediated immunity.

The vitamin D analogue calcipotriol promotes an anti-tumorigenic phenotype of human pancreatic CAFs but reduces T cell mediated immunity.

Scientific reports (2020-10-17)
Laia Gorchs, Sultan Ahmed, Chanté Mayer, Alisa Knauf, Carlos Fernández Moro, Mattias Svensson, Rainer Heuchel, Elena Rangelova, Peter Bergman, Helen Kaipe
RESUMO

The pancreatic tumour stroma is composed of phenotypically heterogenous cancer-associated fibroblasts (CAFs) with both pro- and anti-tumorigenic functions. Here, we studied the impact of calcipotriol, a vitamin D3 analogue, on the activation of human pancreatic CAFs and T cells using 2- and 3-dimensional (2D, 3D) cell culture models. We found that calcipotriol decreased CAF proliferation and migration and reduced the release of the pro-tumorigenic factors prostaglandin E2, IL-6, periostin, and leukemia inhibitory factor. However, calcipotriol promoted PD-L1 upregulation, which could influence T cell mediated tumour immune surveillance. Calcipotriol reduced T cell proliferation and production of IFN-γ, granzyme B and IL-17, but increased IL-10 secretion. These effects were even more profound in the presence of CAFs in 2D cultures and in the presence of CAFs and pancreatic tumour cell line (PANC-1) spheroids in 3D cultures. Functional assays on tumour infiltrating lymphocytes also showed a reduction in T cell activation by calcipotriol. This suggests that calcipotriol reduces the tumour supportive activity of CAFs but at the same time reduces T cell effector functions, which could compromise the patients' tumour immune surveillance. Thus, vitamin D3 analogues appear to have dual functions in the context of pancreatic cancer, which could have important clinical implications.

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Roche
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