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Switchable, Tunable, and Directable Exciton Funneling in Periodically Wrinkled WS2.

Nano letters (2020-10-15)
Jubok Lee, Seok Joon Yun, Changwon Seo, Kiwon Cho, Tae Soo Kim, Gwang Hwi An, Kibum Kang, Hyun Seok Lee, Jeongyong Kim
RESUMO

The extreme elastic strain of monolayer transition metal dichalcogenides provides an ideal platform to achieve efficient exciton funneling via local strain modulation; however, studies conducted thus far have focused on the use of substrates with fixed strain profiles. We prepared 1L-WS2 on a flexible substrate such that the formation of topographic wrinkles could be switched on or off, and the depth or the direction of the wrinkle could be modified by external strain, thereby providing full control of the periodic undulation of the band gap profile of 1L-WS2 in the range 0-57 meV. Nanoscale photoluminescence (PL) imaging unambiguously evinced that the photoexcited excitons of 1L-WS2 were accumulated at the top regions of the wrinkles with less band gap than the valley region. Our results of broad tunability of the two-dimensional (2D) exciton funneling suggest a promising route to control exciton drift for enhanced optoelectronic performances and future 2D exciton devices.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Sulfur, flakes, ≥99.99% trace metals basis