Merck

FGF21 is required for the metabolic benefits of IKKε/TBK1 inhibition.

The Journal of clinical investigation (2021-04-07)
Shannon M Reilly, Mohammad Abu-Odeh, Magdalene Ameka, Julia H DeLuca, Meghan C Naber, Benyamin Dadpey, Nima Ebadat, Andrew V Gomez, Xiaoling Peng, BreAnne Poirier, Elyse Walk, Matthew J Potthoff, Alan R Saltiel
RESUMO

The protein kinases IKKε and TBK1 are activated in liver and fat in mouse models of obesity. We have previously demonstrated that treatment with the IKKε/TBK1 inhibitor amlexanox produces weight loss and relieves insulin resistance in obese animals and patients. While amlexanox treatment caused a transient reduction in food intake, long-term weight loss was attributable to increased energy expenditure via FGF21-dependent beiging of white adipose tissue (WAT). Amlexanox increased FGF21 synthesis and secretion in several tissues. Interestingly, although hepatic secretion determined circulating levels, it was dispensable for regulating energy expenditure. In contrast, adipocyte-secreted FGF21 may have acted as an autocrine factor that led to adipose tissue browning and weight loss in obese mice. Moreover, increased energy expenditure was an important determinant of improved insulin sensitivity by amlexanox. Conversely, the immediate reductions in fasting blood glucose observed with acute amlexanox treatment were mediated by the suppression of hepatic glucose production via activation of STAT3 by adipocyte-secreted IL-6. These findings demonstrate that amlexanox improved metabolic health via FGF21 action in adipocytes to increase energy expenditure via WAT beiging and that adipocyte-derived IL-6 has an endocrine role in decreasing gluconeogenesis via hepatic STAT3 activation, thereby producing a coordinated improvement in metabolic parameters.

MATERIAIS
Número do produto
Marca
Descrição do produto

Roche
cOmplete, Mini, EDTA-free Protease Inhibitor Cocktail, Protease Inhibitor Cocktail Tablets provided in a glass vial, Tablets provided in a glass vial
Sigma-Aldrich
Amphotericin B from Streptomyces sp., BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, ~80% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, suitable for release of physiologically active rat epididymal adipocytes, Type II, 0.5-5.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid