Merck

Nicotine Content from Cigarettes Submerged in Soda.

Journal of medical toxicology : official journal of the American College of Medical Toxicology (2020-03-18)
Muhammed Ershad, Joris Beld, Ahmed Mostafa, Maricel Dela Cruz, David Vearrier, Michael I Greenberg
ABSTRACT

Cigarettes and other tobacco products may be extinguished by submersion in liquids in beverage cans or bottles. Cases of nicotine poisoning in children have been reported following ingestion of such liquids. The aim of this study is to analyze the variability of nicotine concentrations with respect to number of cigarettes immersed and the duration of immersion in a soda can METHODS: One unsmoked cigarette was immersed in a cola containing soda can. Three separate samples of the mixture were obtained at different intervals of time post immersion up to 1 week. At the same time, a set of four cola cans were immersed with an increasing number of unsmoked cigarettes and samples obtained. All the samples were then analyzed for nicotine concentrations using liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry. The mean concentration of nicotine measured over the course of 6 hours from one full cigarette in 55 ml of a cola beverage was 0.48 mg/ml. Nicotine concentrations steadily increased in the first 6 hours following submersion, after which, the levels plateaued (r = 0.530, n = 18, p = 0.024). There was a strong positive correlation between nicotine concentrations and the number of cigarettes (r = 0.967, n = 12, p = 3e-7). The mean concentration of nicotine measured over the course of 6 hours from one immersed cigarette can be potentially toxic especially to children. Nicotine concentrations are positively correlated with the number of cigarettes and time of immersion.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
S(−)-Nicotine solution, 1.0 mg/mL in methanol, ampule of 1 mL, certified reference material, Cerilliant®