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Establishment of Adenomyosis Organoids as a Preclinical Model to Study Infertility.

Journal of personalized medicine (2022-02-26)
Elena Juárez-Barber, Emilio Francés-Herrero, Ana Corachán, Carmina Vidal, Juan Giles, Pilar Alamá, Amparo Faus, Antonio Pellicer, Irene Cervelló, Hortensia Ferrero
ABSTRACT

Adenomyosis is related to infertility and miscarriages, but so far there are no robust in vitro models that reproduce its pathological features to study the molecular mechanisms involved in this disease. Endometrial organoids are in vitro 3D models that recapitulate the native microenvironment and reproduce tissue characteristics that would allow the study of adenomyosis pathogenesis and related infertility disorders. In our study, human endometrial biopsies from adenomyosis (n = 6) and healthy women (n = 6) were recruited. Organoids were established and hormonally differentiated to recapitulate midsecretory and gestational endometrial phases. Physiological and pathological characteristics were evaluated by immunohistochemistry, immunofluorescence, qRT-PCR, and ELISA. Secretory and gestational organoids recapitulated in vivo glandular epithelial phenotype (pan-cytokeratin, Muc-1, PAS, Laminin, and Ki67) and secretory and gestational features (α-tubulin, SOX9, SPP1, PAEP, LIF, and 17βHSD2 expression and SPP1 secretion). Adenomyosis organoids showed higher expression of TGF-β2 and SMAD3 and increased gene expression of SPP1, PAEP, LIF, and 17βHSD2 compared with control organoids. Our results demonstrate that organoids derived from endometria of adenomyosis patients and differentiated to secretory and gestational phases recapitulate native endometrial-tissue-specific features and disease-specific traits. Adenomyosis-derived organoids are a promising in vitro preclinical model to study impaired implantation and pregnancy disorders in adenomyosis and enable personalized drug screening.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dispase® II, protease
Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, Type V, ≥1 FALGPA units/mg solid, >125 CDU/mg solid