Adriamycin promotes neurite outgrowth in the "neurite-minus" N1A-103 mouse neuroblastoma cell line.

Experimental cell research (1992-11-01)
J C Larcher, L Cordeau-Lossouarn, G Romey, F Gros, B Croizat, J L Vayssiere

Adriamycin, an anticancer agent acting on topoisomerase II, promotes the arrest of cell division and neurite extension in a "neurite-minus" murine neuroblastoma cell line, N1A-103. This morphological differentiation is accompanied by a blockade in the S phase of the cell cycle, modification of the amount of peripherin, and appearance of the beta 7-tubulin isoform. Yet, adriamycin-induced N1A-103 cells fail to express other neuronal markers, such as long-lasting Ca2+ channels, synaptophysin, and the shift in the proportion of the beta'1 tubulin isoform to the beta'2 isoform, whose appearance parallels the terminal differentiation of the wild type neuroblastoma cell line N1E-115. Hence, a comparison of the behavior of these two cell lines leads to the proposal that there are two programs of neuroblastoma differentiation: one where expression is triggered by the arrest of cell division and which is observed in adriamycin-induced N1A-103 variant cells, and the other, presumably occurring further downstream, which would involve further changes in morphogenesis and acquisition of new electrophysiological properties.

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1-Methyl-1-cyclohexanecarboxylic acid, 99%