Chemical oxidation of 2,4-dimethylphenol in soil by heterogeneous Fenton process.

Journal of hazardous materials (2008-07-08)
Arturo Romero, Aurora Santos, Fernando Vicente
RESUMO

Hydrogen peroxide has been used to oxidize a sorbed aromatic contaminant in a loamy sand with 195.9 g kg(-1) of organic carbon by using iron as catalyst at 20 degrees C. The 2,4-dimethylphenol (2,4-DMP) was chosen as pollutant. Because of this soil generates a slightly basic pH in contact to an aqueous phase the solubility of the iron cation was determined in absence and presence of a chelating agent (l-ascorbic acid, l-Asc) and with and without soil. From results, it was found that in presence of soil the iron cation was always adsorbed or precipitaed onto the soil. Therefore, the procedure selected for soil remediation was to add firstly the iron solution used as catalyst and following the hydrogen peroxide solution used as oxidant. As iron cation is sorbed onto the soil before the oxidant reagent is provided a heterogeneous catalytic system results. This modified Fenton runs have been carried out using 0.11 mg(2,4-DMP) g(-1)(soil) and 2.1 mg(Fe) g(-1)(soil). The H(2)O(2)/pollutant weight ratios used were 182 and 364. The results show that H(2)O(2) oxidizes 2,4-DMP producing CO(2) and acetic acid. After 20 min of reaction time a pollutant conversion of 75% and 86% was found, depending on the H(2)O(2) dosage. Moreover, it was found that hydrogen peroxide was heterogeneously decomposed by the soil (due to its organic and/or inorganic components) and its decomposition rate decreases when the iron was previously precipitated-impregnated into the soil.

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Sigma-Aldrich
2,4-Dimethylphenol, 98%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,4-Xylenol, ≥98%