Merck
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • Water dynamics in small reverse micelles in two solvents: two-dimensional infrared vibrational echoes with two-dimensional background subtraction.

Water dynamics in small reverse micelles in two solvents: two-dimensional infrared vibrational echoes with two-dimensional background subtraction.

The Journal of chemical physics (2011-02-10)
Emily E Fenn, Daryl B Wong, M D Fayer
ABSTRACT

Water dynamics as reflected by the spectral diffusion of the water hydroxyl stretch were measured in w(0) = 2 (1.7 nm diameter) Aerosol-OT (AOT)/water reverse micelles in carbon tetrachloride and in isooctane solvents using ultrafast 2D IR vibrational echo spectroscopy. Orientational relaxation and population relaxation are observed for w(0) = 2, 4, and 7.5 in both solvents using IR pump-probe measurements. It is found that the pump-probe observables are sensitive to w(0), but not to the solvent. However, initial analysis of the vibrational echo data from the water nanopool in the reverse micelles in the isooctane solvent seems to yield different dynamics than the CCl(4) system in spite of the fact that the spectra, vibrational lifetimes, and orientational relaxation are the same in the two systems. It is found that there are beat patterns in the interferograms with isooctane as the solvent. The beats are observed from a signal generated by the AOT/isooctane system even when there is no water in the system. A beat subtraction data processing procedure does a reasonable job of removing the distortions in the isooctane data, showing that the reverse micelle dynamics are the same within experimental error regardless of whether isooctane or carbon tetrachloride is used as the organic phase. Two time scales are observed in the vibrational echo data, ~1 and ~10 ps. The slower component contains a significant amount of the total inhomogeneous broadening. Physical arguments indicate that there is a much slower component of spectral diffusion that is too slow to observe within the experimental window, which is limited by the OD stretch vibrational lifetime.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Density Standard 692 kg/m3, H&D Fitzgerald Ltd. Quality
Sigma-Aldrich
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, anhydrous, 99.8%
Supelco
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, analytical standard
Sigma-Aldrich
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, suitable for HPLC, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, HPLC Plus, for HPLC, GC, and residue analysis, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, puriss. p.a., ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
2,2,4-Trimethylpentane, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%