Merck

Pd(0)-catalyzed alkene oxy- and aminoalkynylation with aliphatic bromoacetylenes.

The Journal of organic chemistry (2013-03-21)
Stefano Nicolai, Raha Sedigh-Zadeh, Jérôme Waser
RESUMO

Tetrahydrofurans and pyrrolidines are among the most important heterocycles found in bioactive compounds. Cyclization-functionalization domino reactions of alcohols or amines onto olefins constitute one of the most efficient methods to access them. In this context, oxy- and aminoalkynylation are especially important reactions, because of the numerous transformations possible with the triple bond of acetylenes, yet these methods have been limited to the use of silyl protected acetylenes. Herein, we report the first palladium-catalyzed oxy- and aminoalkynylation using aliphatic bromoalkynes, which proceeded with high diastereoselectivity and functional group tolerance. A one-pot hydrogenation of the triple bond gave then access to alkyl-substituted tetrahydrofurans and pyrroldines. Finally, a detailed study of the side products formed during the reaction gave a first insight into the reaction mechanism.

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