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  • Some aspects of pulsed laser deposited nanocrystalline LaB(6) film: atomic force microscopy, constant force current imaging and field emission investigations.

Some aspects of pulsed laser deposited nanocrystalline LaB(6) film: atomic force microscopy, constant force current imaging and field emission investigations.

Nanotechnology (2008-07-02)
Dattatray J Late, Kalyani S Date, Mahendra A More, Pankaj Misra, B N Singh, Lalit M Kukreja, C V Dharmadhikari, Dilip S Joag
RESUMO

Nanocrystalline lanthanum hexaboride (LaB(6)) films have been deposited on molybdenum foil by the pulsed laser deposition (PLD) technique. The as-deposited films were characterized by x-ray diffraction (XRD), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force microscopy (AFM). The XRD pattern shows the cubic crystallinity of the LaB(6) film. The AFM studies reveal that the conical shaped LaB(6) nanostructures have height 60 nm, base 800 nm, and a typical radius of curvature ∼20 nm. A comparison of force and in situ current imaging AFM studies reveals that current contrast does not originate from the surface topography of the LaB(6) film. Field emission studies have been performed in the planar diode configuration. A current density of 4.4 × 10(-2) A cm(-2) is drawn from the actual emitting area. The Fowler-Nordheim plot is found to be linear, in accordance with the quantum mechanical tunneling phenomenon. The field enhancement factor is estimated to be 3585, indicating that the field emission is from LaB(6) nanocrystallites present on the emitter surface, as confirmed by the AFM. The emission current-time plots show current stability to the extent of 5% fluctuation about the average current over a period of 3 h.

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Molybdenum, foil, 6mm disks, thickness 0.5mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 6mm disks, thickness 0.75mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.005mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.006mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.007mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.008mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.009mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.0125mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.015mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.015mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.01mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.01mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.020mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.025mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.03mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.05mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.075mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.125mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.15mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.1mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.20mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.25mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.30mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.5mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, 8mm disks, thickness 0.75mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.008mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.0125mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.01mm, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.01mm, annealed, 99.9%
Molybdenum, foil, light tested, 100x100mm, thickness 0.05mm, annealed, 99.9%

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