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  • A randomized, controlled trial of corneal collagen cross-linking in progressive keratoconus: three-year results.

A randomized, controlled trial of corneal collagen cross-linking in progressive keratoconus: three-year results.

Ophthalmology (2014-01-08)
Christine Wittig-Silva, Elsie Chan, Fakir M A Islam, Tony Wu, Mark Whiting, Grant R Snibson
RESUMO

To report the refractive, topographic, and clinical outcomes 3 years after corneal collagen cross-linking (CXL) in eyes with progressive keratoconus. Prospective, randomized controlled trial. One hundred eyes with progressive keratoconus were randomized into the CXL treatment or control groups. Cross-linking was performed by instilling riboflavin 0.1% solution containing 20% dextran for 15 minutes before and during the 30 minutes of ultraviolet A irradiation (3 mW/cm(2)). Follow-up examinations were arranged at 3, 6, 12, 24, and 36 months. The primary outcome measure was the maximum simulated keratometry value (Kmax). Other outcome measures were uncorrected visual acuity (UCVA; measured in logarithm of the minimum angle of resolution [logMAR] units), best spectacle-corrected visual acuity (BSCVA; measured in logMAR units), sphere and cylinder on subjective refraction, spherical equivalent, minimum simulated keratometry value, corneal thickness at the thinnest point, endothelial cell density, and intraocular pressure. The results from 48 control and 46 treated eyes are reported. In control eyes, Kmax increased by a mean of 1.20±0.28 diopters (D), 1.70±0.36 D, and 1.75±0.38 D at 12, 24, and 36 months, respectively (all P <0.001). In treated eyes, Kmax flattened by -0.72±0.15 D, -0.96±0.16 D, and -1.03±0.19 D at 12, 24, and 36 months, respectively (all P <0.001). The mean change in UCVA in the control group was +0.10±0.04 logMAR (P = 0.034) at 36 months. In the treatment group, both UCVA (-0.15±0.06 logMAR; P = 0.009) and BSCVA (-0.09±0.03 logMAR; P = 0.006) improved at 36 months. There was a significant reduction in corneal thickness measured using computerized videokeratography in both groups at 36 months (control group: -17.01±3.63 μm, P <0.001; treatment group: -19.52±5.06 μm, P <0.001) that was not observed in the treatment group using the manual pachymeter (treatment group: +5.86±4.30 μm, P = 0.181). The manifest cylinder increased by 1.17±0.49 D (P = 0.020) in the control group at 36 months. There were 2 eyes with minor complications that did not affect the final visual acuity. At 36 months, there was a sustained improvement in Kmax, UCVA, and BSCVA after CXL, whereas eyes in the control group demonstrated further progression.

MATERIAIS
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Supelco
Riboflavin (B2), analytical standard
Riboflavin for peak identification, European Pharmacopoeia (EP) Reference Standard
Supelco
Riboflavin, Pharmaceutical Secondary Standard; Certified Reference Material
Sigma-Aldrich
(−)-Riboflavin, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, ≥98%
Sigma-Aldrich
(−)-Riboflavin, meets USP testing specifications
Sigma-Aldrich
(−)-Riboflavin, from Eremothecium ashbyii, ≥98%