Intermolecular reactions of electron-rich heterocycles with copper and rhodium carbenoids.

Chemical Society reviews (2007-06-20)
Huw M L Davies, Simon J Hedley
RESUMO

This tutorial review describes the reactions of the electron-rich heterocycles pyrrole, furan, indole and benzofuran with copper and rhodium carbenoids. Two main reaction pathways are possible, involving either a concerted non-synchronous cyclopropanation or zwitterionic intermediates. A diverse range of products are possible and the outcome is very dependent on the structure of the heterocycle and the carbenoid. To emphasize this point the carbenoids are considered in terms of three classes: acceptor, acceptor-acceptor and donor-acceptor carbenoids. Unusual catalytic asymmetric transformations can be achieved with this chemistry while the asymmetric induction is strongly influenced by how the carbenoid can approach the heterocycles. This tutorial review gives an overview of the general features that govern the chemistry of metal carbenoids with heterocycles and presents a mechanistic rationale for the range of products that can be formed.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Rhodium, powder, 99.95% trace metals basis
Rhodium, wire reel, 0.1m, diameter 0.5mm, as drawn, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.15mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 0.1mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, 12mm disks, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, light tested, 15x15mm, thickness 0.05mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.05mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.05mm, as rolled, x-ray quality, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.075mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 10x10mm, thickness 0.012mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.00025mm, permanent polyester support, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.0005mm, permanent polyester support, 99.85%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.00075mm, permanent polyester support, 99.85%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.001mm, permanent polyester support, 99.85%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.006mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 25x25mm, thickness 0.012mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 50x50mm, thickness 0.00025mm, permanent polyester support, 99.9%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 50x50mm, thickness 0.00075mm, permanent polyester support, 99.85%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 50x50mm, thickness 0.001mm, permanent polyester support, 99.85%
Rhodium, foil, not light tested, 50x50mm, thickness 0.006mm, as rolled, 99.9%
Rhodium, microfoil, disks, 10mm, thinness 0.1μm, specific density 124μg/cm2, permanent mylar 3.5μm support, 99.9%
Rhodium, microfoil, disks, 10mm, thinness 0.25μm, specific density 310μg/cm2, permanent mylar 3.5μm support, 99.99%
Rhodium, microfoil, disks, 10mm, thinness 0.50μm, specific density 620μg/cm2, permanent mylar 3.5μm support, 99.99%
Rhodium, microfoil, disks, 25mm, thinness 0.1μm, specific density 124μg/cm2, permanent mylar 3.5μm support, 99.9%
Rhodium, microfoil, disks, 25mm, thinness 0.25μm, specific density 310μg/cm2, permanent mylar 3.5μm support, 99.99%
Rhodium, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 0.12mm, as drawn, 99.9%
Rhodium, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 0.25mm, hard, 99.9%
Rhodium, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 0.5mm, as drawn, 99.9%
Rhodium, wire reel, 0.05m, diameter 1.0mm, as drawn, 99.9%