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Review of cellulose nanocrystals patents: preparation, composites and general applications.

Recent patents on nanotechnology (2011-08-31)
Nelson Durán, Ana Paula Lemes, Amedea B Seabra
ABSTRACT

This review attempts to visualize the actual impact of nanocellulose-based materials in different areas. A detailed search in recent patent databases on nanocellulose showed the importance of this material, as well as relevant topics concerning its technological preparations to obtain versatile new composites materials, and the applications of nanocellulose in different domains. At the present moment, the most common techniques for nanocellulose preparation were found to be acid and enzymatic procedures, oxidation, electrospinning, high pressure homogenization, and steam explosion processes. Concerning nanocellulose composites, several aspects were found in recent patents ranging from simple to complex structures with different properties. As unique materials, nanocellulose can be used in different areas of expertise, such as in biomedical and technical applications. This review is a useful tool for researchers to provide an update on nanocellulose patents in an expanding and interesting field of nanotechnology.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Supelco
Cellulose, powder, for column chromatography
Sigma-Aldrich
Avicel® PH-101, tested according to Ph. Eur.
Supelco
Cellulose, DFS-0, microcrystalline, suitable for thin layer chromatography (TLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Cellulose, fibers, (medium)
Supelco
Cellulose, acid washed, powder, for column chromatography
Supelco
Cellulose, DS-0, powder, suitable for thin layer chromatography (TLC)
Supelco
Cellulose, acid washed, from spruce, for column chromatography
Supelco
Avicel® PH-101, ~50 μm particle size
Sigma-Aldrich
Cellulose, microcrystalline, powder, 20 μm
Sigma-Aldrich
Cellulose, colloidal, microcrystalline
Sigma-Aldrich
Cellulose, microcrystalline, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
α-Cellulose, BioReagent, suitable for insect cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
α-Cellulose, powder
Sigma-Aldrich
Sigmacell Cellulose, Type 101, Highly purified, fibers
Sigma-Aldrich
Sigmacell Cellulose, Type 20, 20 μm
Sigma-Aldrich
Sigmacell Cellulose, Type 50, 50 μm