Chemical sulphate removal for treatment of construction and demolition debris leachate.

Environmental technology (2014-06-25)
Pimluck Kijjanapanich, Ajit P Annachhatre, Giovanni Esposito, Piet N L Lens
RESUMO

Construction and demolition debris (CDD) is a product of construction, renovation or demolition activities. It has a high gypsum content (52.4% of total gypsum), concentrated in the CDD sand (CDDS) fraction. To comply with the posed limit of the maximum amount of sulphate present in building sand, excess sulphate needs to be removed. In order to enable reuse of CDDS, a novel treatment process is developed based on washing of the CDDS to remove most of the gypsum, and subsequent sulphate removal from the sulphate-rich CDDS leachate. This study aims to assess chemical techniques, i.e. precipitation and adsorption, for sulphate removal from the CDDS leachate. Good sulphate removal efficiencies (up to 99.9%) from the CDDS leachate can be achieved by precipitation with barium chloride (BaCl2) and lead(II) nitrate (Pb(NO3)2). Precipitation with calcium chloride (CaCl2), calcium carbonate (CaCO3) and calcium oxide (CaO) gave less efficient sulphate removal. Adsorption of sulphate to aluminium oxide (Al2O3) yielded a 50% sulphate removal efficiency, whereas iron oxide-coated sand as adsorbent gave only poor (10%) sulphate removal efficiencies.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) nitrate, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Barium chloride dihydrate, ACS reagent, ≥99%
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Barium chloride, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Barium chloride dihydrate, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) nitrate, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Barium chloride, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Barium chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead, powder, −100 mesh, 99.95% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead(II) nitrate, ≥99.95% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Barium chloride dihydrate, ≥99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead, wire, diam. 1.0 mm, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead, powder, −325 mesh, ≥99% trace metals basis
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Lead, shot, <2 mm, 99.9% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Lead, shot, 1-3 mm, 99.995% trace metals basis
Lead, foil, 150x150mm, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 25x25mm, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, rod, 200mm, diameter 6.35mm, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 300x300mm, thickness 0.25mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 150x150mm, thickness 0.1mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 50x50mm, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, wire reel, 1m, diameter 0.75mm, as drawn, 99.99+%
Lead, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 0.5mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 50x50mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Lead, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 1.0mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 3.0mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 3.0mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Lead, foil, 100x100mm, thickness 6.0mm, as rolled, 99.99+%
Lead, foil, 150x150mm, thickness 0.125mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 150x150mm, thickness 0.15mm, as rolled, 99.95%
Lead, foil, 150x150mm, thickness 0.25mm, as rolled, 99.95%