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Octaproline, a conformationally flexible chiral selector in liquid chromatographic enantioseparation.

Journal of chromatography. A (2014-05-28)
Arnau Novell, Cristina Minguillón
ABSTRACT

A proline octapeptide-derived chiral selector (CS) end-capped using a pivaloyl group was covalently linked to a silica gel chromatographic matrix by the C-terminal group. The chromatographic behaviour of the resulting chiral stationary phase (CSP) using different conditions was compared to those containing 3,5-dimethylphenylcarbamate residues on the proline units. An enantioseparation ability highly dependent on the mobile phase used is observed for these CSPs. When mixtures of alkane/alcohol or alkane/ether are used as mobile phase a similar enantioselectivity is obtained. Nevertheless, in the presence of chlorinated solvents, and without a hydrogen bonding donor in the mobile phase, enantioselectivity is extremely reduced. The reversibility of this phenomenon, attributed to a conformational change in the CS, is examined.

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