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Lichenysin, a cyclooctapeptide occurring in Chinese liquor jiannanchun reduced the headspace concentration of phenolic off-flavors via hydrogen-bond interactions.

Journal of agricultural and food chemistry (2014-07-30)
Rong Zhang, Qun Wu, Yan Xu
ABSTRACT

Nonvolatile compounds play important roles in the quality of alcoholic beverages. In our previous work, a type of cyclooctapeptide lichenysin was newly identified in Chinese strong-aroma type liquor. In this work, it was found that lichenysin could selectively affect aroma volatility in strong-aroma type (Jiannanchun) liquor. Interaction of lichenysin and volatile phenolic compounds (off-odors in strong-aroma type liquor) was characterized using headspace solid-phase microextraction coupled with gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS). HS-SPME results indicated that lichenysin very efficiently suppressed the volatility of phenolic compounds by 36-48% (P < 0.05). Thermodynamic analysis showed that the binding process was mainly mediated by hydrogen bonding. Furthermore, the mixture of lichenysin and 4-ethylguaiacol revealed intermolecular cross peaks between the aH (Val) of lichenysin and the 1H of 4-ethylguaiacol, by using nuclear Overhauser effect spectroscopy. This study will help to further understand the interaction mechanisms between flavor and nonvolatile matrix components in Chinese liquors.

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