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  • Optical coherence tomography and confocal microscopy following three different protocols of corneal collagen-crosslinking in keratoconus.

Optical coherence tomography and confocal microscopy following three different protocols of corneal collagen-crosslinking in keratoconus.

Investigative ophthalmology & visual science (2014-10-30)
Nacim Bouheraoua, Lea Jouve, Mohamed El Sanharawi, Otman Sandali, Cyrille Temstet, Patrick Loriaut, Elena Basli, Vincent Borderie, Laurent Laroche
RESUMO

We compared the efficacy and early morphological changes in the cornea following conventional (C-CXL), transepithelial by iontophoresis (I-CXL), and accelerated (A-CXL) collagen cross-linking in keratoconus. A total of 45 eyes of 45 patients with progressive keratoconus who underwent corneal collagen crosslinking (CXL) was divided into three groups: C-CXL (n = 15), A-CXL (n = 15), and I-CXL (n = 15). Patients were examined before surgery and at 1-, 3-, and 6-month intervals following surgery. Density of corneal sub-basal nerves, anterior and posterior keratocytes, corneal endothelium, demarcation line depth, and maximal simulated keratometry values (Kmax) were all assessed. Compared to preoperative values, the mean corneal sub-basal nerve and anterior stromal keratocyte densities were significantly lower at 6 months in the C-CXL and A-CXL groups (P < 0.001), whereas they returned to preoperative values in the I-CXL group (P = 0.083 and P = 0.909, respectively). The corneal demarcation line was visible 1 month after surgery in 93% of cases (mean depth, 302.8 ± 74.6 μm) in the C-CXL group, 87.5% (mean depth, 184. 2 ± 38.9 μm) in the A-CXL group, and 47.7% (mean depth, 212 ± 36.5 μm) in the I-CXL group (P = 0.006). There were no significant differences between confocal microscopy and optical coherence tomography measurements of the corneal demarcation line depth (P > 0.05). The Kmax, corneal central thickness, and BSCVA remained stable during the whole study period. Iontophoresis was associated with weaker damage of corneal sub-basal nerves and anterior keratocytes compared to conventional procedures, but the demarcation line was present in less than 50% of cases and was more superficial than with the traditional procedure.

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