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  • Cryosurvival of bovine blastocysts is enhanced by culture with trans-10 cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (10t,12c CLA).

Cryosurvival of bovine blastocysts is enhanced by culture with trans-10 cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (10t,12c CLA).

Animal reproduction science (2006-04-29)
R M Pereira, M C Baptista, M I Vasques, A E M Horta, P V Portugal, R J B Bessa, J Chagas e Silva, M Silva Pereira, C C Marques
RESUMO

An excessive lipid content in embryo cells is a consequence of embryo culture in the presence of serum which is suggested to be responsible for their high susceptibility to cryopreservation. The objective of the present study was to examine the effects of supplementing serum-containing culture media with trans-10 cis-12 conjugated linoleic acid (10t,12c CLA) on embryo lipid accumulation and its subsequent cryopreservation. Abattoir-derived oocytes were matured and fertilized in vitro (IVF=day 0). On day 1, presumptive zygotes (n=3390) were randomly placed in: (I) (MS), granulosa cell monolayer cultured with M199 and 10% serum; (II) (SCLA), granulosa cell monolayer cultured with M199, 10% serum and 100 microM 10t,12c CLA and (III) (SOF), modified synthetic oviduct fluid, where embryo culture proceeded for 8 days. Cleavage rates or D7/D8 embryo quality did not vary among treatments. D7/D8 embryo production rate was significantly (P<0.001) lower in SOF (17.9+/-1.6%) than in groups MS (29.8+/-2.5%) and SCLA (27.8+/-2.0%). After cytoplasmic lipid droplets observation under Nomarski microscopy, classified embryos were the leanest when cultured in SOF, intermediate in SCLA and the fattest in MS (P<0.02). Post-thawing intact blastocyst rates where significantly higher in the SCLA group (84.7+/-4.1%) than in SOCS (50.3+/-4.8%, P=0.0007) or SOF (65.3+/-6.9%, P=0.03) groups. Post-thawing re-expanding rates were significantly lower when embryos were cultured in MS (34.7+/-3.7%) than in SCLA (63.7+/-5.3%, P=0.0006) or SOF (49.0+/-4.6%, P=0.04). Moreover, re-expanding rates were lower (P=0.05) in SOF than in SCLA cultured embryos. These results clearly show that addition of CLA to serum-containing media reduced lipid accumulation during in vitro culture and significantly improved cryopreservation survival.

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Sigma-Aldrich
Penicillin-Streptomycin, with 10,000 units penicillin and 10 mg streptomycin per mL in 0.9% NaCl, 0.1 μm filtered, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture
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