Merck

Quantitative proteomics analysis of eggshell membrane proteins during chick embryonic development.

Journal of proteomics (2015-09-08)
Cristianne M M Cordeiro, Maxwell T Hincke
RESUMO

The avian eggshell membrane (ESM) is a meshwork made up of highly cross-linked protein fibers and it is a scaffold upon which biomineralization of the eggshell is initiated. The ESM and associated shell participates in embryonic development by providing physical and chemical protection against pathogen invasion. We performed quantitative proteomic analysis of ESM proteins on multiple days during the three phases of embryonic development. The ESMs were stripped from both fertilized and unfertilized eggs at different days of incubation, and solubilized in a novel manner using TCEP-HCl (Tris (2-carboxyethyl) phosphine hydrochloride). The changes in ESM proteins between occurred during incubation were analyzed. Bioinformatics analysis revealed that of the 12 functional protein clusters identified, protease inhibitors were present at all phases of chick development. A group of proteins involved in calcium binding and oxygen transport were only present during the second phase. Extracellular matrix, cell adhesion proteins related to the vascularization of chorioallantoic membrane (CAM), antimicrobial proteins and proteins involved in the binding and transport of lipids were found in the second and third phases of development. These findings provide insight into the functionality and evolving nature of ESM associated proteins involved in chick embryonic development. The eggshell membranes (ESMs) are a fibrous scaffold that consists of highly crosslinked collagens (types I, V but mainly X), glycoproteins and CREMPs (cysteine-rich eggshell membrane proteins). The ESMs aid in the development of the chick embryo and protect it against pathogen invasion. This biopolymeric fibrous net functions as a platform for nucleation of the calcitic eggshell which provides a primary physical barrier against bacterial ingress. Comparative proteomic analyses of proteins in the ESMs from fertilized eggs and unfertilized eggs showed changes in their levels which varied between the specific phases of chick embryogenesis across 19 days of incubation. Bioinformatics characterization of these ESM proteins provides understanding of their evolving nature during chick embryonic development.

MATERIAIS
Número do produto
Marca
Descrição do produto

Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid, glacial, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. ISO, reag. Ph. Eur., ≥99.8%
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid, glacial, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, FCC, 99.8-100.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid solution, suitable for HPLC
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid, glacial, ≥99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid-12C2, 99.9 atom % 12C
Sigma-Aldrich
BIS-TRIS, BioPerformance Certified, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, ≥98.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
BIS-TRIS, BioXtra, ≥98.0% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
BIS-TRIS, ≥98.0% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 5 M
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 5 M in H2O, BioReagent, for molecular biology, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioXtra, ≥99.5% (AT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for plant cell culture, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, 0.9% in water, BioXtra, suitable for cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, tablet
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99.0-100.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Bicinchoninic acid disodium salt hydrate, ≥98% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, for molecular biology, DNase, RNase, and protease, none detected, ≥99% (titration)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, 99.99% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, AnhydroBeads, −10 mesh, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Propylene glycol monomethyl ether acetate, ReagentPlus®, ≥99.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid, natural, ≥99.5%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid, ≥99.5%, FCC, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
BIS-TRIS, BioUltra, ≥99.0% (NT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (AT)
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride solution, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ~5 M in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
Acetic acid, for luminescence, BioUltra, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
DL-Dithiothreitol solution, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ~1 M in H2O
Sigma-Aldrich
3-Mercaptopropionic acid, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride, 99.999% trace metals basis
Sigma-Aldrich
Sodium chloride-35Cl, 99 atom % 35Cl