Merck
  • Home
  • Search Results
  • LECT2 induces atherosclerotic inflammatory reaction via CD209 receptor-mediated JNK phosphorylation in human endothelial cells.

LECT2 induces atherosclerotic inflammatory reaction via CD209 receptor-mediated JNK phosphorylation in human endothelial cells.

Metabolism: clinical and experimental (2015-07-01)
Hwan-Jin Hwang, Tae Woo Jung, Ho Cheol Hong, Ji A Seo, Sin Gon Kim, Nan Hee Kim, Kyung Mook Choi, Dong Seop Choi, Sei Hyun Baik, Hye Jin Yoo
ABSTRACT

Leukocyte cell-derived chemotaxin 2 (LECT2) is a recently discovered novel hepatokine, leading to skeletal muscle insulin resistance by activating c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK). However, its role in atherosclerotic inflammatory reactions has not been examined. Therefore, we investigated the function of LECT2 on the expression of vascular adhesion molecules and inflammatory cytokines in human endothelial cells. Human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs) and THP-1 cells were treated with various doses of LECT2 and the functions and signaling pathways were analyzed through Western blot and quantitative real-time PCR (qPCR). The level of phosphorylated c-Jun N-terminal kinases (JNK) was significantly increased by LECT2 treatment in HUVECs and THP-1 cells, an effect that was not seen in cells treated with CD209 siRNA, a known LECT2 receptor. LECT2 treatment efficiently increased the expression of intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (ICAM-1) and pro-inflammatory cytokines tumor necrosis factor α (TNFα), monocyte chemo-attractant protein-1 (MCP-1), and interleukin-1β (IL-1β) in HUVECs and THP-1 cells. However, all these reactions were significantly reduced in response to treatment with JNK inhibitor. Furthermore, LECT2 treatment significantly exacerbated the adhesion of monocytic cells to human endothelial cells, which was also efficiently attenuated by JNK inhibitor. LECT2 significantly induced adhesion molecules and pro-inflammatory cytokines in HUVECs via CD209-mediated JNK phosphorylation, suggesting that liver-derived novel hepatokine, LECT2, might directly mediate in the atherosclerotic inflammatory reactions in human endothelial cells.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, sterile-filtered, BioPerformance Certified, meets EP, USP testing specifications, suitable for hybridoma
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99.5-100.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, ≥99.5% (GC), crystalline (detached)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, ≥96.0% (calc. on dry substance, T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, ≥99.6%, ReagentPlus®
Sigma-Aldrich
8-Octanoyloxypyrene-1,3,6-trisulfonic acid trisodium salt, suitable for fluorescence, ≥90% (HPCE)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, puriss. p.a., ACS reagent, reag. Ph. Eur., 99.0-100.5%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, unstabilized, ReagentPlus®, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, anhydrous, ≥99.9%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, contains hypophosphorous as stabilizer, loose crystals, ACS reagent, ≥99.0%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, unstabilized, purified by redistillation, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, ≥99%
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, BioUltra, for molecular biology, TE-saturated, ~73% (T)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
2′,7′-Bis(2-carboxyethyl)-5(6)-carboxyfluorescein, ≥90% (HPLC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, BioXtra, ≥99.5% (GC)
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol solution, Equilibrated with 10 mM Tris HCl, pH 8.0, 1 mM EDTA, BioReagent, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol solution, Saturated with 0.1 M citrate buffer, pH 4.3 ± 0.2, BioReagent, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, Hybri-Max, sterile-filtered, BioReagent, suitable for hybridoma, ≥99.7%
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, PCR Reagent
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, ≥99.5% (GC), suitable for plant cell culture
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, meets EP testing specifications, meets USP testing specifications
Sigma-Aldrich
Dimethyl sulfoxide, for molecular biology
Sigma-Aldrich
Phenol, natural, 97%, FG
Sigma-Aldrich
Liquified Phenol, ≥89.0%