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Effect of Bone Marrow Aspirate Concentrate-Platelet-Rich Plasma on Tendon-Derived Stem Cells and Rotator Cuff Tendon Tear.

Cell transplantation (2017-01-21)
Sun Jeong Kim, Da Hyun Song, Jong Wook Park, Silvia Park, Sang Jun Kim
ABSTRACT

Bone marrow aspirate concentrates (BMACs) and platelet-rich plasma (PRP) are good sources to control the differentiation of tendon-derived stem cells (TDSCs), but there has been no study about the effect of the BMAC-PRP complex on TDSCs and tendinopathy. The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of BMAC-PRP on the TDSCs and to find the therapeutic effect of BMAC-PRP on the rotator cuff tendon tear. The chondrogenic and osteogenic potential of TDSCs decreased, but the adipogenic potential of TDSCs revealed no significant difference when they were cocultured with BMAC-PRP. Cell proliferation was significantly greater in TDSCs cocultured with BMAC-PRP than in TDSCs. The degree of wound closure (percentage) was different between TDSCs and TDSCs with BMAC-PRP. There was no significant difference in expression of collagen type I and type III in immunocytochemical staining in the presence of BMAC-PRP. Initial visual analog scale (VAS) score was 5.8 ± 1.9, which changed to 5.0 ± 2.3 at 3 weeks and 2.8 ± 2.3 at 3 months after the BMAC-PRP injection (p < 0.01). The American Shoulder Elbow Surgeon score changed from 39.4 ± 13.0 at baseline to 52.9 ± 22.9 at 3 weeks and 71.8 ± 19.7 at 3 months after the injection (p < 0.01). The initial torn area of the rotator cuff tendon was 30.2 ± 24.5 mm2, and this area was reduced to 22.5 ± 18.9 mm2 at 3 months, but the change was not significant (p > 0.05). The data indicate that BMAC-PRP enhances the proliferation and migration of TDSCs and prevents the aberrant chondrogenic and osteogenic differentiation of TDSCs, which might provide a mechanistic basis for the therapeutic benefits of BMAC-PRP for rotator cuff tendon tear.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
Collagenase from Clostridium histolyticum, for general use, Type I, 0.25-1.0 FALGPA units/mg solid, ≥125 CDU/mg solid
Sigma-Aldrich
Oil Red O solution, 0.5% in isopropanol
Sigma-Aldrich
Dispase® II, protease
Sigma-Aldrich
Triton X-100, laboratory grade