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Role of drug-dependent transporter modulation on the chemosensitivity of cholangiocarcinoma.

Oncotarget (2017-11-23)
Nerea Urtasun, Clara Boces-Pascual, Loreto Boix, Jordi Bruix, Marçal Pastor-Anglada, Sandra Pérez-Torras
ABSTRACT

Cholangiocarcinoma (CCA) is a heterogeneous group of malignancies with limited therapeutic options. Curative therapy is limited to surgery whereas chemotherapy treatments are the election option for unresectable or metastatic cholangiocarcinoma. Cisplatin plus gemcitabine is the reference chemotherapy regimen, albeit the contribution to the median overall survival barely reaches one year. Drug transporters are undoubtedly a limiting step for drug bioavailability and have been clearly related to chemoresistance. Several members of the SoLute Carrier (SLC) superfamily involved in the uptake of anticancer drugs used to treat cholangiocarcinoma are downregulated in these tumors. This study shows the increase in the expression of specific drug transporters exerted by cisplatin treatment thereby enhancing their transport activity. Combination treatments of cisplatin with selected drugs as gemcitabine and sorafenib take in by these transporters at the desired combination schedule induced synergy. These data support the concept that proper administration pattern could favor treatment outcome.

MATERIALS
Product Number
Brand
Product Description

Sigma-Aldrich
MPP+ iodide, ≥98% (HPLC), powder
Sigma-Aldrich
1,1′-Diethyl-2,2′-cyanine iodide, 97%
Sigma-Aldrich
S-(4-Nitrobenzyl)-6-thioinosine, ≥98%, solid