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M6250

Sigma-Aldrich

2-Mercaptoethanol

≥99.0%

Synonym(s):
β-Mercaptoethanol, 2-Hydroxyethylmercaptan, BME, Thioethylene glycol
Linear Formula:
HSCH2CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein:
773648
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

vapor density

2.69 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.0%

form

liquid

expl. lim.

18 %

concentration

14.3 M (pure liquid)

refractive index

n20/D 1.500 (lit.)

pH

4.5-6 (20 °C, 500 g/L)

bp

157 °C (lit.)

density

1.114 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

2-8°C

SMILES string

OCCS

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2

InChI key

DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

2-mercaptoethanol is a thiol compound, commonly used as a reducing agent in organic reactions.

Packaging

10, 100, 250, 500 mL in glass bottle
1, 2.5 L in glass bottle

Application

2-mercaptoethanol is widely used for retarding oxidation of biological compounds in solution.
BME is suitable for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and is usually included in a sample buffer for SDS-PAGE at a concentration of 5%. Cleaving intermolecular (between subunits) disulfide bonds allows the subunits of a protein to separate independently on SDS-PAGE. Cleaving intramolecular (within subunit) disulfide bonds allows the subunits to become completely denatured so that each peptide migrates according to its chain length with no influence due to secondary structure.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1A - STOT RE 2 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

165.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

74 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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