MilliporeSigma
All Photos(2)

8.05740

Sigma-Aldrich

2-Mercaptoethanol

for synthesis

Synonym(s):
Thioethylene glycol, Thioglycol, β-Mercaptoethanol, 2-Hydroxyethylmercaptan, BME, Thioethylene glycol
Linear Formula:
HSCH2CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.13
Beilstein:
773648
MDL number:
EC Index Number:
200-464-6

vapor density

2.69 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

295 °C

potency

98-162 mg/kg LD50, oral (Rat)
112-224 mg/kg LD50, skin (Rabbit)

expl. lim.

18 %

reaction suitability

reagent type: reductant

concentration

14.3 M (pure liquid)

refractive index

n20/D 1.500 (lit.)

pH

4.5-6 (20 °C, 500 g/L in H2O)

bp

157 °C (lit.)

mp

<-50 °C

transition temp

flash point 70.5 °C

density

1.114 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

storage temp.

2-30°C

SMILES string

OCCS

InChI

1S/C2H6OS/c3-1-2-4/h3-4H,1-2H2

InChI key

DGVVWUTYPXICAM-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Packaging

25 l in Barrel PE/met
1 l in Glass bottle
250 ml in Glass bottle

Application

BME is suitable for reducing protein disulfide bonds prior to polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis and is usually included in a sample buffer for SDS-PAGE at a concentration of 5%. Cleaving intermolecular (between subunits) disulfide bonds allows the subunits of a protein to separate independently on SDS-PAGE. Cleaving intramolecular (within subunit) disulfide bonds allows the subunits to become completely denatured so that each peptide migrates according to its chain length with no influence due to secondary structure.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 2 Dermal - Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 3 Oral - Aquatic Acute 1 - Aquatic Chronic 2 - Eye Dam. 1 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - Skin Sens. 1A - STOT RE 2 Oral

Storage Class Code

6.1A - Combustible, acute toxic Cat. 1 and 2 / very toxic hazardous materials

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

165.2 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

74 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Quality

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