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62971

Sigma-Aldrich

Lysozyme from chicken egg white

powder (crystalline), ~70000 U/mg

Synonym(s):
Mucopeptide N-acetylmuramoylhydrolase, Muramidase
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
EC Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.22

form

powder (crystalline)

Quality Level

specific activity

~70000 U/mg

mol wt

single-chain 14.3 kDa
Mr ~14600

UniProt accession no.

storage temp.

2-8°C

Gene Information

chicken ... LYZ(396218)

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Application

Enzyme breaks down the cell walls of bacteria; used to prepare spheroplasts.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lysozyme hydrolyzes β(1→4) linkages between N-acetylmuramic acid and N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in peptidoglycan and between N-acetyl-D-glucosamine residues in chitodextrin. Gram-positive cells are quite susceptible to this hydrolysis as their cell walls have a high proportion of peptidoglycan. Gram-negative bacteria are less susceptible due to the presence of an outer membrane and a lower proportion of peptidoglycan. However, these cells may be hydrolyzed in the presence of EDTA that chelates metal ions in the outer bacterial membrane.

The enzyme is active over a broad pH range (6.0 to 9.0). At pH 6.2, maximal activity is observed over a wider range of ionic strengths (0.02 to 0.100 M) than at pH 9.2 (0.01 to 0.06 M).

Unit Definition

1 U corresponds to the amount of enzyme which decreases the absorbance at 450 nm by 0.001 per minute at pH 7.0 and 25°C (Micrococcus luteus, ATCC 4698, as substrate)

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Resp. Sens. 1

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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