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L2515

Sigma-Aldrich

Lipoteichoic acid from Staphylococcus aureus

bacterial cell wall polymer

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CAS Number:
MDL number:
NACRES:
NA.25

biological source

Staphylococcus aureus

Quality Level

form

lyophilized powder

functional group

phospholipid

lipid type

polymerizable lipids

shipped in

ambient

storage temp.

2-8°C

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This Item
L6261H9395S9399
form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized powder

form

-

functional group

phospholipid

functional group

-

functional group

-

functional group

-

shipped in

ambient

shipped in

-

shipped in

-

shipped in

-

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

Quality Level

200

General description

Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a linear polymer of phosphodiester-linked glycerol phosphate covalently bound to a lipid. The C2 position on the glycerol-phosphate is usually glycosylated or D-alanylated. LTA is amphipathic due to the presence of the negatively charged backbone of glycerol phosphate and the hydrophobic lipid. The lipid portion is bound hydrophobically to the cell membrane, whereas the polyglycerol phosphate portion extends into the cell wall.
Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a teichoic acid attached to a lipid abundant on Gram-positive bacteria cell wall. LTA is a pathogen-associated molecular-patterns (PAMP) recognized by Toll-like receptor 2 (TLR2), This recognition leads to the activation of NF-kB.

Application

Lipoteichoic acid from Staphylococcus aureus has been used:
  • to investigate the binding properties of SpHyastatin to lipopolysaccharides and lipoteichoic acid using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA)
  • to measure the interleukin (IL-6) produced in splenocytes using a sandwich ELISA
  • as a toll-like receptor 2/6 (TLR2/6) agonist to explore its potential to induce tumoricidal M1 macrophage phenotype

Biochem/physiol Actions

Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a complex component of cell walls of Gram-positive bacteria that are involved in a wide range of cell processes such as the stimulation of immune responses and cell signaling pathways. LTA differs between species of gram-positive bacteria. Lipoteichoic acid from Streptococcus aureus may be used to compare its structure, immunogenicity and functions versus other bacterial LTAs.
Lipoteichoic acid (LTA) is a complex component of the cell walls of Gram-positive bacteria that are implicated in a wide range of cellular processes such as the stimulation of immune responses and cell signaling pathways. LTA differs between species of Gram-positive bacteria. Lipoteichoic acid from Streptococcus aureus may be used to compare its structure, immunogenicity, and functions versus other bacterial LTAs.

related product

Product No.
Description
Pricing

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Simin Rezania et al.
Cancer cell international, 14, 54-54 (2014-06-27)
Many types of tumors are organized in a hierarchy of heterogeneous cell populations with different molecular signature. Such heterogeneity may be associated with different responsiveness to microenvironment stimuli. In the present study, the effects of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and lipoteichoic acid
S Morath et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 193(3), 393-397 (2001-02-07)
Lipoteichoic acids (LTAs) have been proposed as putative Gram-positive immunostimulatory counterparts to Gram-negative lipopolysaccharides. However, LTA from Staphylococcus aureus, the clinically most frequent Gram-positive pathogen, was inactive after purification. Here, a novel isolation procedure to prepare pure (>99%) biologically active
Nien-Tzu Chou et al.
Evidence-based complementary and alternative medicine : eCAM, 2012, 735396-735396 (2013-01-11)
Chlorella sorokiniana (CS) is a unicellular green alga. The extracts of Chlorella have been used as treatments for relieving hypertension and modulating immune response. The detailed mechanisms are not clear yet. In this study, we sought to study the molecular
Varenka J Barbero-Becerra et al.
World journal of gastroenterology, 17(10), 1317-1325 (2011-04-02)
To study the role of gram-positive and gram-negative bacteria in the pathogenesis of liver injury, specifically the activation of inflammatory mediators. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells of 20 out-patients were studied, 10 of them with cirrhosis. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells were
Jeroen van Bergenhenegouwen et al.
Journal of leukocyte biology, 94(5), 885-902 (2013-08-31)
TLRs play a major role in microbe-host interactions and innate immunity. Of the 10 functional TLRs described in humans, TLR2 is unique in its requirement to form heterodimers with TLR1 or TLR6 for the initiation of signaling and cellular activation.

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