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PZ0007

Sigma-Aldrich

Azithromycin dihydrate

≥98% (HPLC)

Synonym(s):
N-Methyl-11-aza-10-deoxo-10-dihydroerythromycin A, CP-62993
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C38H72N2O12 · 2H2O
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
785.02
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.77

Quality Level

assay

≥98% (HPLC)

form

powder

manufacturer/tradename

Pfizer®

storage condition

protect from light

color

off-white

solubility

DMSO: >20 mg/mL

originator

Pfizer

storage temp.

room temp

SMILES string

O.O.CC[C@H]1OC(=O)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@H]2C[C@@](C)(OC)[C@@H](O)[C@H](C)O2)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O[C@@H]3O[C@H](C)C[C@@H]([C@H]3O)N(C)C)[C@](C)(O)C[C@@H](C)CN(C)[C@H](C)[C@@H](O)[C@]1(C)O

InChI

1S/C38H72N2O12.2H2O/c1-15-27-38(10,46)31(42)24(6)40(13)19-20(2)17-36(8,45)33(52-35-29(41)26(39(11)12)16-21(3)48-35)22(4)30(23(5)34(44)50-27)51-28-18-37(9,47-14)32(43)25(7)49-28;;/h20-33,35,41-43,45-46H,15-19H2,1-14H3;2*1H2/t20-,21-,22+,23-,24-,25+,26+,27-,28+,29-,30+,31-,32+,33-,35+,36-,37-,38-;;/m1../s1

InChI key

SRMPHJKQVUDLQE-KUJJYQHYSA-N

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Application

Azithromycin dihydrate has been used:
  • in blocking buffer (5% bovine serum albumin) for indirect immunofluorescence
  • in treating the U87 cells for cell-viability assay and flow cytometry analysis to study the Zika virus infection in glial cells
  • in antibiotic co-treatment experiments, to compare its antibacterial activity with PYRRO-C3D against Streptococcus pneumoniae biofilms

Packaging

5, 25 mg in glass bottle

Biochem/physiol Actions

Azithromycin dihydrate is a macrolide antibiotic, azalide subclass. It binds to the 50S subunit of the 70S bacterial ribosomes and inhibits RNA-dependent protein synthesis in bacterial cells. Azithromycin also has anti-immunomodulatory/anti-inflammatory properties, which make it useful in treating cystic fibrosis.
Azithromycin is a non-β-lactam antibody, effective against infections associated with respiratory tract, skin, tissues and genital chlamydia. It also acts against Plasmodium falciparum and P. vivax, which are multidrug resistance species that transmit malaria. Azithromycin targets the ribosome and prevents protein synthesis. It is soluble in lipids and metabolizes in liver by undergoing demethylation.

Other Notes

This compound was developed by Pfizer for Immunology research. To learn more about Sigma′s partnership with Pfizer and view other authentic, high-quality Pfizer compounds, visit sigma.com/bsm-pfizer.

To browse the list of other pharma-developed compounds and Approved Drugs/Drug Candidates, click here.

Legal Information

Sold for research purposes under agreement from Pfizer Inc.
Pfizer is a registered trademark of Pfizer, Inc.

Storage Class Code

13 - Non Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

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