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SRP3083

Sigma-Aldrich

IL-1 beta human

Animal-component free, recombinant, expressed in E. coli, ≥98% (SDS-PAGE), ≥98% (HPLC), suitable for cell culture

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Synonym(s):
Catabolin, Endogenous Pyrogen (EP),, Leukocyte Endogenous Mediator (LEM),, Lymphocyte-activating factor (LAF), Mononuclear Cell Factor (MCF)

biological source

human

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

Assay

≥98% (HPLC)
≥98% (SDS-PAGE)

form

lyophilized

potency

≤0.001 ng/mL ED50

mol wt

17.3 kDa

packaging

pkg of 10 μg

technique(s)

cell culture | mammalian: suitable

impurities

<0.1 EU/μg endotoxin, tested

color

white to off-white

UniProt accession no.

shipped in

wet ice

storage temp.

−20°C

Gene Information

human ... IL1B(3553)

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H6291SRP3310I2778
Sigma-Aldrich

SRP3083

IL-1 beta human

Sigma-Aldrich

H6291

Interleukin-1β human

Sigma-Aldrich

SRP3310

IL-1ALPHA human

Sigma-Aldrich

I2778

Interleukin-1α human

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

recombinant

expressed in HEK 293 cells

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

recombinant

expressed in E. coli

biological source

human

biological source

human

biological source

human

biological source

human

assay

≥98% (HPLC), ≥98% (SDS-PAGE)

assay

≥95% (SDS-PAGE)

assay

≥98% (HPLC), ≥98% (SDS-PAGE)

assay

≥98% (SDS-PAGE and HPLC)

form

lyophilized

form

lyophilized powder

form

lyophilized

form

lyophilized powder

packaging

pkg of 10 μg

packaging

pkg of 10 μg

packaging

pkg of 10 μg

packaging

pkg of 2 and 10 μg

General description

IL-1β (interleukin 1 β) is a proinflammatory cytokine produced in a variety of cells including monocytes, tissue macrophages, keratinocytes and other epithelial cells. It is synthesized as a pro-IL-1β which is changed to active form IL-1β with the help of pro-inflammatory protease caspase-1. IL-1β belongs to the IL-1 gene family. The gene is mapped to human chromosome 2q14. Recombinant human IL-1β is a 17.3kDa protein containing 153 amino acid residues.

Application

IL-1β (interleukin 1 β) human has been used to study the effect of pro- and anti-inflammatory mediators on leukotriene B4 and C4 synthesis as well as secretion in an inflamed porcine endometrium. It has been used to study the effect of cytokines on synthesis and secretion of leukotrienes from endometrial epithelial cells of pigs.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Both IL-1α (interleukin 1 α) and IL-1β binds to the same receptor and has similar if not identical biological properties. These cytokines have a broad range of activities including, stimulation of thymocyte proliferation, by inducing IL-2 release, B-cell maturation and proliferation, mitogenic FGF (fibroblast growth factor)-like activity and the ability to stimulate the release of prostaglandin and collagenase from synovial cells. However, whereas IL-1β is a secreted cytokine, IL-1α is predominantly a cell-associated cytokine. IL-1β is involved in proinflammatory and immunological responses. Some of them include enhancing IL-2 generation, and increasing circulating NO (nitric oxide) and bringing neutrophils. It also regulates gene expression of inflammatory cytokines, mesenchymal growth factors and colony stimulating factors. IL-1β is present in chronic inflamed tissues and also in tissues going for fibrogenesis. It brings neutrophil and macrophage to the site of infection. Mutations in IL-1β gene are linked with renal manifestations and renal sequelae in Henoch-Schönlein purpura. It is also associated with destruction of β-cell in type 1 diabetes.

Sequence

APVRSLNCTL RDSQQKSLVM SGPYELKALH LQGQDMEQQV VFSMSFVQGE ESNDKIPVAL GLKEKNLYLS CVLKDDKPTL QLESVDPKNY PKKKMEKRFV FNKIEINNKL EFESAQFPNW YISTSQAENM PVFLGGTKGG QDITDFTMQF VSS

Physical form

Lyophilized from 10 mM Sodium Phosphate, pH 7.4 + 50mM NaCl.

Reconstitution

Centrifuge the vial prior to opening. Reconstitute in water to a concentration of 0.1-1.0 mg/ml. Do not vortex. This solution can be stored at 2-8°C for up to 1 week. For extended storage, it is recommended to further dilute in a buffer containing a stabilizer (example 5% Trehalose) and store in working aliquots at -20°C to -80°C.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable


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IL-1 beta induces COX2, MMP-1, -3 and -13, ADAMTS-4, IL-1 beta and IL-6 in human tendon cells.
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ATP is released by monocytes stimulated with pathogen-sensing receptor ligands and induces IL-1beta and IL-18 secretion in an autocrine way.
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To examine the impact of the gp130 cytokine family on murine articular cartilage and to explore a potential regulatory role of suppressor of cytokine signaling 3 (SOCS-3) in murine chondrocytes. In wild-type (WT) mouse chondrocytes, baseline receptor expression levels and

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