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Tertia D Purves-Tyson et al.
Schizophrenia research, 168(3), 661-670 (2015-06-20)
Late adolescence in males is a period of increased susceptibility for the onset of schizophrenia, coinciding with increased circulating testosterone. The cognitive deficits prevalent in schizophrenia may be related to unhealthy cortical interneurons, which are trophically dependent on brain derived
Yoshiaki Yamamoto et al.
Clinical cancer research : an official journal of the American Association for Cancer Research, 21(21), 4845-4855 (2015-06-25)
Lipid nanoparticle (LNP) formulations facilitate tumor uptake and intracellular processing through an enhanced permeation and retention effect (EPR), and currently multiple products are undergoing clinical evaluation. Clusterin (CLU) is a cytoprotective chaperone induced by androgen receptor (AR) pathway inhibition to
Bingxiang Wang et al.
Journal of molecular and cellular cardiology, 82, 22-32 (2015-03-05)
Calcium-activated chloride channels (CaCCs) have been implicated in hypertension; however, the mechanism underlying their involvement is unknown. The aim of this study was to determine whether the CaCC ANO1 is involved in the pathogenesis of spontaneous hypertension. Arterial ANO1 expression
Hongjun Wang et al.
Oncology reports, 34(3), 1503-1509 (2015-07-15)
In the present study, in order to analyze abnormalities in DNA methylation in glioma, we utilized a large cohort methylation microarray (119 glioma samples). Genes associated with tumor grade progression were screened through Significance Analysis of Microarrays (SAM) in the methylation
Hyun Myung Ko et al.
Archives of pharmacal research, 38(4), 556-565 (2014-07-18)
Propofol, a widely used anesthetic, regulates neurological processes including neurotoxicity, neuroprotection, glial activation, synaptic plasticity and neuronal maturation. Tissue plasminogen activator/tissue plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (tPA/PAI-1) in CNS acts as a neuromodulator regulating synaptic plasticity, neurite outgrowth, seizure spreading and cell
Kirsty A McFarland et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 112(27), 8433-8438 (2015-06-24)
In mammalian cells, programmed cell death (PCD) plays important roles in development, in the removal of damaged cells, and in fighting bacterial infections. Although widespread among multicellular organisms, there are relatively few documented instances of PCD in bacteria. Here we
Sébastien M Labbé et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(5), 2046-2058 (2015-02-15)
The present study was designed to investigate the effects of cold on brown adipose tissue (BAT) energy substrate utilization in vivo using the positron emission tomography tracers [(18)F]fluorodeoxyglucose (glucose uptake), 14(R,S)-[(18)F]fluoro-6-thia-heptadecanoic acid [nonesterified fatty acid (NEFA) uptake], and [(11)C]acetate (oxidative
Fengzhen Huang et al.
FEBS letters, 588(24), 4791-4798 (2014-12-03)
MicroRNAs (miRNAs) have been reported to play significant roles in the pathogenesis of various polyQ diseases. This study aims to investigate the regulation of ATXN3 gene expression by miRNA. We found that miR-25 reduced both wild-type and polyQ-expanded mutant ataxin-3
Ana B Flórez et al.
Microbiology (Reading, England), 161(Pt 2), 272-284 (2014-11-25)
The mithramycin biosynthesis gene cluster of Streptomyces argillaceus ATCC 12956 contains 34 ORFs and includes two putative regulatory genes (mtmR and mtrY), which encode proteins of the SARP (Streptomyces antibiotic regulatory protein) and PadR transcriptional regulator families, respectively. MtmR was
Ayten Hijazi et al.
FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology, 29(12), 4968-4977 (2015-08-19)
Developmental exposure to bisphenol A (BPA) is associated with lung dysfunction and diseases. However, it is unknown if this association has a fetal origin. The present study addressed this important question by examining the effects of BPA on fetal lung
Shefeeq M Theparambil et al.
Glia, 63(9), 1581-1594 (2015-03-31)
Cytosolic H(+) buffering plays a major role for shaping intracellular H(+) shifts and hence for the availability of H(+) for biochemical reactions and acid/base-coupled transport processes. H(+) buffering is one of the prime means to protect the cell from large
Michaela Stolz et al.
Pflugers Archiv : European journal of physiology, 467(10), 2121-2140 (2015-01-17)
The P2X7 receptor (P2X7R) is a ligand-gated ion channel that conducts Na(+), K(+), and Ca(2+) when activated by extracellular ATP. In various cell types, such as secretory epithelia, the P2X7R is co-expressed with Ca(2+)-dependent Cl(-) channels of the TMEM16/anoctamin family.
Liwei Dong et al.
International journal of molecular sciences, 16(7), 14655-14668 (2015-07-02)
Echinacoside is a natural compound with potent reactive oxygen species (ROS)-scavenging and anti-oxidative bioactivities, which protect cells from oxidative damages. As cancer cells are often under intense oxidative stress, we therefore tested if Echinacoside treatment would promote cancer development. Surprisingly
Jennifer L Modesto et al.
Molecular carcinogenesis, 54 Suppl 1, E94-E102 (2014-07-01)
The tobacco-specific nitrosamine NNK is a potent carcinogen found in tobacco smoke and implicated in the development of lung cancer. The major route of NNK metabolism is carbonyl reduction by AKR1C1, AKR1C2, CBR1, and 11β-HSD1 to form NNAL. This study
H Hu et al.
The Journal of hospital infection, 91(1), 35-44 (2015-07-19)
Hospital-associated infections cause considerable morbidity and mortality, and are expensive to treat. Organisms causing these infections can be sourced from the inanimate environment around a patient. Could the difficulty in eradicating these organisms from the environment be because they reside
Joseph P Salisbury et al.
BMC genomics, 16, 166-166 (2015-04-17)
The brown ghost knifefish (Apteronotus leptorhynchus) is a weakly electric teleost fish of particular interest as a versatile model system for a variety of research areas in neuroscience and biology. The comprehensive information available on the neurophysiology and neuroanatomy of
Shicheng Su et al.
Nature communications, 6, 8523-8523 (2015-10-06)
Macrophages play a pivotal role in tissue fibrogenesis, which underlies the pathogenesis of many end-stage chronic inflammatory diseases. MicroRNAs are key regulators of immune cell functions, but their roles in macrophage's fibrogenesis have not been characterized. Here we show that
Teresa Borrás et al.
JAMA ophthalmology, 133(2), 182-190 (2014-11-21)
We developed a gene transfer tool for the control of nocturnal elevated intraocular pressure (IOP). To demonstrate that inhibiting the trabecular meshwork RhoA pathway by delivering a mutated, dominant-negative RhoA gene (dnRhoA) carried inside a long-expressing recombinant virus would reduce
Sarita Nehra et al.
Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology, 64(4), 375-384 (2014-06-13)
Hypoxia-induced rise in intracellular calcium concentration is a causative agent of apoptosis and oxidative damage in cardiomyocytes. We examined the efficacy of calcium channel blocker amlodipine in preventing hypoxia-induced apoptosis in H9c2 cells and restoring oxidative balance. H9c2 cells were
Lucia Caminiti et al.
The journal of allergy and clinical immunology. In practice, 3(4), 532-539 (2015-03-03)
Oral immunotherapy (OIT) may be an effective treatment for food allergy in children. It is not clear if the OIT-induced effect is achieved by desensitization (transient state dependent on regular antigen exposure), or by tolerance (persistent condition where the ability
KeeSoo Nam et al.
Cellular signalling, 27(9), 1882-1894 (2015-05-17)
CD44 was recently identified as a cancer initiation marker on the cell membrane. The cytoplasmic tail of CD44 is known to bind ERM (ezrin, radixin, moesin) proteins, cytoskeletal proteins like ankyrin, and the non-receptor tyrosine kinase c-Src. CD44 transmits its
Ianai Fishbein et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 12), 3235-3247 (2014-10-30)
The involvement of the protein α-synuclein (SNCA) in the pathogenesis of Parkinson's disease is strongly supported by the facts that (i) missense and copy number mutations in the SNCA gene can cause inherited Parkinson's disease; and (ii) Lewy bodies in
Gang Chen et al.
Journal of endodontics, 41(7), 1091-1099 (2015-04-18)
During tooth development, cells originating from the neural crest serve as precursors to the cells in the dental follicle and dental papilla. Therefore, the current study aimed to understand the associations of cranial neural crest cells (CNCCs), dental follicle cells
Christiane Essoh et al.
PloS one, 10(6), e0130548-e0130548 (2015-06-27)
Twenty two distinct bacteriophages were isolated from sewage water from five locations in the city of Abidjan, Côte d'Ivoire over a two-year period, using a collection of Pseudomonas aeruginosa strains with diverse genotypes. The phages were characterized by their virulence
Jinggeng Zhou et al.
Journal of experimental botany, 66(11), 3353-3366 (2015-04-16)
Regulating the intensity and duration of immune responses is crucial to combat infections without deleterious side effects. Arabidopsis FLS2, the receptor for bacterial flagellin, activates immune signalling by association with its partner BAK1. Upon flagellin (flg22) perception, the plant U-box
Pankaj Kumar et al.
Veterinary research, 46, 79-79 (2015-07-15)
Turkey adenovirus 3 (TAdV-3) causes high mortality and significant economic losses to the turkey industry. However, little is known about the molecular determinants required for viral replication and pathogenesis. Moreover, TAdV-3 does not grow well in cell culture, thus detailed
Daniel J Modulevsky et al.
PloS one, 9(5), e97835-e97835 (2014-05-21)
There are numerous approaches for producing natural and synthetic 3D scaffolds that support the proliferation of mammalian cells. 3D scaffolds better represent the natural cellular microenvironment and have many potential applications in vitro and in vivo. Here, we demonstrate that
Yuting Guan et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 195(1), 339-346 (2015-05-31)
The mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR) signaling pathway integrates environmental cues to regulate cell growth and survival through various mechanisms. However, how mTORC1 responds to acute inflammatory signals to regulate bowel regeneration is still obscure. In this study, we investigated
Zheng Wang et al.
Applied and environmental microbiology, 81(2), 699-712 (2014-11-16)
Biocathode extracellular electron transfer (EET) may be exploited for biotechnology applications, including microbially mediated O2 reduction in microbial fuel cells and microbial electrosynthesis. However, biocathode mechanistic studies needed to improve or engineer functionality have been limited to a few select
Sinae Kim et al.
Cancer letters, 357(2), 488-497 (2014-12-09)
microRNA-155 (miR-155) is one of the well-known oncogenic miRNA implicated in various types of tumors. Thiamine, commonly known as vitamin B1, is one of critical cofactors for energy metabolic enzymes including pyruvate dehydrogenase, alpha ketoglutarate dehydrogenase, and transketolase. Here we
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