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Sheng-Yi Chen et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1853(5), 929-939 (2015-02-18)
Cancer-associated fibroblasts play a crucial role in accelerating tumor progression, but there is a knowledge gap regarding the chemotactic signal activated in a tumor microenvironment. In this study, the expression of type IV collagen was knocked down using a lentiviral-mediated
Kimberly F Young et al.
Journal of neuroinflammation, 18(1), 58-58 (2021-02-24)
Ischemic stroke is an acquired brain injury with gender-dependent outcomes. A persistent obstacle in understanding the sex-specific neuroinflammatory contributions to ischemic brain injury is distinguishing between resident microglia and infiltrating macrophages-both phagocytes-and determining cell population-specific contributions to injury evolution and
Rangarajan Padmanabhan et al.
Journal of cell science, 128(9), 1773-1786 (2015-03-22)
The epithelial-to-mesenchymal transition (EMT) is important for the formation of migratory neural crest cells during development and is co-opted in human diseases such as cancer metastasis. Chick premigratory cranial neural crest cells lose intercellular contacts, mediated in part by Cadherin-6B
Jianwei Zuo et al.
Oncology reports, 33(3), 1388-1394 (2015-01-13)
The aim of the present study was to investigate whether pristimerin affects the bone metastasis, stem cell characteristics and epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) of prostate cancer (PCa) PC-3 cells subjected to hypoxia. The PC-3 cells were cultured under hypoxia or normoxia
Rafael Kramann et al.
The Journal of clinical investigation, 125(8), 2935-2951 (2015-07-21)
Chronic kidney disease is characterized by interstitial fibrosis and proliferation of scar-secreting myofibroblasts, ultimately leading to end-stage renal disease. The hedgehog (Hh) pathway transcriptional effectors GLI1 and GLI2 are expressed in myofibroblast progenitors; however, the role of these effectors during
Lorena Da Rós Gonçalves et al.
PloS one, 9(11), e113683-e113683 (2014-11-26)
Hepatitis B and C virus (HBV and HCV) infections are an important cause of cirrhosis and hepatocellular carcinoma. The natural history has a prominent latent phase, and infected patients may remain undiagnosed; this situation may lead to the continuing spread
Marianne Le Gall et al.
Molecular cancer therapeutics, 14(11), 2595-2605 (2015-09-12)
KIT is a cell surface tyrosine kinase receptor whose ligand stem cell factor (SCF) triggers homodimerization and activation of downstream effector pathways involved in cell survival, proliferation, homing, or differentiation. KIT-activating mutations are major oncogenic drivers in subsets of acute
Hsiang-Ting Hsu et al.
Journal of immunology (Baltimore, Md. : 1950), 192(11), 4957-4966 (2014-04-30)
Peptide ligands presented by MHC class I (MHC-I) molecules are produced by degradation of cytosolic and nuclear, but also endoplasmic reticulum (ER)-resident, proteins by the proteasome. However, Ag processing of ER proteins remains little characterized. Studying processing and presentation of
Shou-Sheng Liu et al.
Biomedicine & pharmacotherapy = Biomedecine & pharmacotherapie, 68(8), 1031-1036 (2014-10-15)
The aim of this study was to investigate the antitumor effect of zoledronic acid (ZOL) in the NB4 human acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cell line and explore the potential mechanism of action of this compound. NB4 cells were exposed to
Sanghyun Kim et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(13), 6579-6586 (2015-06-06)
VirE2 is the major secreted protein of Agrobacterium tumefaciens in its genetic transformation of plant hosts. It is co-expressed with a small acidic chaperone VirE1, which prevents VirE2 oligomerization. After secretion into the host cell, VirE2 serves functions similar to
Sharon R Cooper et al.
The Journal of cell biology, 211(4), 807-814 (2015-11-26)
Cell-cell recognition guides the assembly of the vertebrate brain during development. δ-Protocadherins comprise a family of neural adhesion molecules that are differentially expressed and have been implicated in a range of neurodevelopmental disorders. Here we show that the expression of
Roberta Squecco et al.
Experimental physiology, 100(6), 652-666 (2015-03-20)
What is the central question of this study? Fibroblast-to-myofibroblast transition is a key mechanism in the reparative response to tissue damage, but myofibroblast persistence in the wound leads to fibrosis and organ failure. The role of relaxin as an antifibrotic
Margaux Monot et al.
Journal of virology, 89(16), 8462-8473 (2015-06-05)
Ovine pulmonary adenocarcinoma is a naturally occurring lung cancer in sheep induced by the Jaagsiekte sheep retrovirus (JSRV). Its envelope glycoprotein (Env) carries oncogenic properties, and its expression is sufficient to induce in vitro cell transformation and in vivo lung
Luca Pandolfini et al.
Molecular cell, 74(6), 1278-1290 (2019-04-30)
7-methylguanosine (m7G) is present at mRNA caps and at defined internal positions within tRNAs and rRNAs. However, its detection within low-abundance mRNAs and microRNAs (miRNAs) has been hampered by a lack of sensitive detection strategies. Here, we adapt a chemical
Wen Yue et al.
Oncotarget, 6(25), 21208-21224 (2015-06-10)
Metformin and aspirin have been studied extensively as cancer preventive or therapeutic agents. However, the effects of their combination on pancreatic cancer cells have not been investigated. Herein, we evaluated the effects of metformin and aspirin, alone or in combination
R M Kershaw et al.
Oncogene, 33(49), 5592-5600 (2013-11-19)
PRH/HHex (proline-rich homeodomain protein) is a transcription factor that controls cell proliferation and cell differentiation in a variety of tissues. Aberrant subcellular localisation of PRH is associated with breast cancer and thyroid cancer. Further, in blast crisis chronic myeloid leukaemia
Dorottya Kalapis et al.
PLoS biology, 13(11), e1002291-e1002291 (2015-11-07)
Translational errors occur at high rates, and they influence organism viability and the onset of genetic diseases. To investigate how organisms mitigate the deleterious effects of protein synthesis errors during evolution, a mutant yeast strain was engineered to translate a
Mengmeng Cao et al.
Journal of virology, 88(24), 14078-14089 (2014-09-26)
The RNA-dependent RNA polymerase (RdRp) of influenza A virus is a heterotrimeric complex composed of the PB1, PB2, and PA subunits. The interplay between host factors and the three subunits of the RdRp is critical to enable viral RNA synthesis
Thomas S Ream et al.
Nucleic acids research, 43(8), 4163-4178 (2015-03-31)
Using affinity purification and mass spectrometry, we identified the subunits of Arabidopsis thaliana multisubunit RNA polymerases I and III (abbreviated as Pol I and Pol III), the first analysis of their physical compositions in plants. In all eukaryotes examined to
J Juhasova et al.
Cellular and molecular neurobiology, 35(1), 57-70 (2014-12-10)
Expression of doublecortin (DCX), a 43-53 kDa microtubule binding protein, is frequently used as (i) an early neuronal marker to identify the stage of neuronal maturation of in vivo grafted neuronal precursors (NSCs), and (ii) a neuronal fate marker transiently
Andrew Fulton et al.
Journal of chromatography. A, 1389, 128-132 (2015-03-10)
Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) are one of the fastest growing drug molecules targeting the treatment of diseases ranging from arthritis, immune disorders, and infectious diseases to cancer. Due to its unique application principle, antibodies are commonly produced in large quantities. Plants
Qi He et al.
PloS one, 10(3), e0122452-e0122452 (2015-03-25)
The endocytosis of transferrin receptor (TfR) has served as a model to study the receptor-targeted cargo delivery system for cancer therapy for many years. To accurately evaluate and optically measure this TfR targeting delivery in vitro, a CHO cell line
Saif Ahmad et al.
Journal of neuroimmunology, 277(1-2), 96-104 (2014-12-03)
Traumatic optic neuropathy (TON) is associated with apoptosis of retinal ganglion cells. Local productions of reactive oxygen species and inflammatory mediators from activated microglial cells have been hypothesized to underlie apoptotic processes. We previously demonstrated that the anti-inflammatory effect of
Elizabeth A Wellberg et al.
Breast cancer research : BCR, 16(6), 481-481 (2014-12-05)
Spot14 (S14), encoded by the THRSP gene, regulates de novo fatty acid synthesis in the liver, adipose, and lactating mammary gland. We recently showed that S14 stimulated fatty acid synthase (FASN) activity in vitro, and increased the synthesis of fatty
Donato Calabrese et al.
The Journal of endocrinology, 221(1), 1-13 (2014-01-16)
Diabetic neuropathy is associated with neuropathic pain in about 50% of diabetic subjects. Clinical management of neuropathic pain is complex and so far unsatisfactory. In this study, we analyzed the effects of the testosterone metabolites, dihydrotestosterone (DHT), and 3α-diol, on
Bradley W Davis et al.
Biophysical journal, 109(10), 2182-2194 (2015-11-21)
Subcellular compartmentalization of biomolecules and their reactions is common in biology and provides a general strategy for improving and/or controlling kinetics in metabolic pathways that contain multiple sequential enzymes. Enzymes can be colocalized in multiprotein complexes, on scaffolds or inside
Delphine Rispal et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 290(24), 14963-14978 (2015-04-18)
Target of rapamycin is a Ser/Thr kinase that operates in two conserved multiprotein complexes, TORC1 and TORC2. Unlike TORC1, TORC2 is insensitive to rapamycin, and its functional characterization is less advanced. Previous genetic studies demonstrated that TORC2 depletion leads to
Lin Dang et al.
Oncology reports, 34(3), 1478-1486 (2015-07-03)
Skin cancer is one of the most common types of malignancy in the world. UV radiation is known as the primary environmental carcinogen responsible for skin cancer development. However, UV radiation is a ubiquitous substance existing in the environment and
Inês S Rodrigues et al.
Scientific reports, 9(1), 9019-9019 (2019-06-23)
AIP56 (apoptosis inducing protein of 56 kDa) is a key virulence factor secreted by virulent strains of Photobacterium damselae subsp. piscicida (Phdp), a Gram-negative bacterium that causes septicemic infections in several warm water marine fish species. AIP56 is systemically disseminated during
Tao Zuo et al.
Applied microbiology and biotechnology, 99(13), 5535-5545 (2015-03-18)
A characteristic mucosal immune response involves the production of antigen-specific secretory immunoglobulin A (SIgA) antibodies. In order to study transcytosis by mimicking the SIgA secretion and to screen for SIgA secretion-promoting substances, we developed a model system of a transfected
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