Merck
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B103608

Sigma-Aldrich

γ-Butyrolactone

ReagentPlus®, ≥99%

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Synonym(s):
gamma-Butyrolactone, γ-Hydroxybutyric acid lactone, 4-Hydroxybutyric acid lactone, GBL
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C4H6O2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
86.09
Beilstein:
105248
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.22

vapor density

3 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

1.5 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

Assay

≥99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

851 °F

expl. lim.

16 %

refractive index

n20/D 1.436 (lit.)

bp

204-205 °C (lit.)

mp

−45 °C (lit.)

density

1.12 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

O=C1CCCO1

InChI

1S/C4H6O2/c5-4-2-1-3-6-4/h1-3H2

InChI key

YEJRWHAVMIAJKC-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

For the introduction of 3-carboxypropyl side chain. Used as a component of electrolyte solutions in batteries and capacitors.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Precursor of γ-hydroxybutyric acid (GHB). It blocks dopamine release by blocking impulse flow in dopaminergic neurons. Pretreatment with γ-butyrolactone allows detection of autoreceptor-induced dopamine release.

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Merck KGaA, Darmstadt, Germany

Pictograms

CorrosionExclamation mark

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Eye Dam. 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

208.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

98 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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