Merck
All Photos(1)

W261106

Sigma-Aldrich

Lactic acid

85%, FCC

Synonym(s):
DL-Lactic acid, 2-Hydroxypropionic acid
Linear Formula:
CH3CH(OH)COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
90.08
FEMA Number:
2611
Beilstein:
1209341
Council of Europe no.:
4
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

Halal
Kosher

reg. compliance

FCC
FDA 21 CFR 117
FDA 21 CFR 184.1061

assay

85%

form

viscous liquid

refractive index

n20/D 1.425 (lit.)

pH

2

bp

122 °C/15 mmHg (lit.)

density

1.209 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.25%

cation traces

As: ≤3 ppm
Cd: ≤1 ppm
Fe: ≤10.0 ppm
Hg: ≤1 ppm
Pb: ≤0.5 ppm

application(s)

flavors and fragrances

Documentation

see Safety & Documentation for available documents

food allergen

no known allergens

Organoleptic

odorless

SMILES string

CC(O)C(O)=O

InChI

1S/C3H6O3/c1-2(4)3(5)6/h2,4H,1H3,(H,5,6)

InChI key

JVTAAEKCZFNVCJ-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Lactic acid is commonly used as a preservative in milk products and also as a flavoring agent.

Packaging

1 kg in poly bottle
10, 25 kg in poly drum

Pictograms

Corrosion

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Dam. 1 - Skin Irrit. 2

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

235.4 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

113 °C - closed cup

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Dictionary of Food Compounds with CD-ROM: Additives, Flavors, and Ingredients, 221-221 (2012)
Mohamed Ali Abdel-Rahman et al.
Biotechnology advances, 31(6), 877-902 (2013-04-30)
Fermentative production of optically pure lactic acid has roused interest among researchers in recent years due to its high potential for applications in a wide range of fields. More specifically, the sharp increase in manufacturing of biodegradable polylactic acid (PLA)
James Steele et al.
Current opinion in biotechnology, 24(2), 135-141 (2013-01-03)
It has been known since the 1960s that lactic acid bacteria are essential for the development of cheese flavor. In the ensuing 50 years significant research has been directed at understanding the microbiology, genetics and biochemistry of this process. This
Stephen Yiu Chuen Choi et al.
The Journal of pathology, 230(4), 350-355 (2013-06-05)
The common preference of cancers for lactic acid-generating metabolic energy pathways has led to proposals that their reprogrammed metabolism confers growth advantages such as decreased susceptibility to hypoxic stress. Recent observations, however, suggest that it generates a novel way for
Annabelle Olsson et al.
Journal of wildlife diseases, 49(3), 560-567 (2013-06-20)
Using a prospective, randomized study design we demonstrate that midazolam sedation minimizes acidosis compared with physical restraint in captive juvenile estuarine crocodiles during handling or noninvasive procedures at preferred body temperature. A dose of midazolam (5.0 mg/kg) was administered intramuscularly

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