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15527

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycine

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99-101% (based on anhydrous substance)

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Synonym(s):
Aminoacetic acid, Aminoethanoic acid, Glycocoll
Linear Formula:
NH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
75.07
Beilstein:
635782
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160406
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

Assay

99-101% (based on anhydrous substance)

form

crystalline powder

quality

meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP

technique(s)

IR spectroscopy: suitable

impurities

hydrolyzable substances, complies
organic volatile impurities, complies (GC)
residual solvents, complies
≤0.001% heavy metals (as Pb)
≤1.0% ninhydrin-positive substances

ign. residue

≤0.1% (as SO4)

loss

≤0.2% loss on drying, 105 °C, 2 h

color

white

pH

5.9-6.4 (20 °C, 5%)

pKa (25 °C)

(1) 2.35, (2) 9.60
2.35

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

H2O: soluble 25 gm in 100 ml at 25 degrees c
H2O: soluble 39.1 gm in 100 ml at 50 degrees c
alcohol: soluble 0.06 gm in 100 gm (Absolute)
pyridine: soluble 164 parts
alcohol: very slightly soluble
diethyl ether: very slightly soluble

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤50 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤50 mg/kg

suitability

complies for appearance of solution
complies for reaction against H2SO4
in accordance for identity (IR)

SMILES string

NCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C2H5NO2/c3-1-2(4)5/h1,3H2,(H,4,5)

InChI key

DHMQDGOQFOQNFH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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1 of 4

This Item
50058G740350046
Glycine meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99-101% (based on anhydrous substance)

Sigma-Aldrich

15527

Glycine

Essential Grade
Glycine tested according to Ph. Eur.

Sigma-Aldrich

50058

Glycine

-
Glycine BioXtra, ≥99% (titration)

Sigma-Aldrich

G7403

Glycine

Premium Grade
Glycine BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.0% (NT)

Sigma-Aldrich

50046

Glycine

Premium Grade
form

crystalline powder

form

crystalline

form

powder

form

crystalline

technique(s)

IR spectroscopy: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

electron microscopy: suitable

technique(s)

-

impurities

hydrolyzable substances, complies, organic volatile impurities, complies (GC), residual solvents, complies, ≤0.001% heavy metals (as Pb), ≤1.0% ninhydrin-positive substances

impurities

-

impurities

Insoluble matter, passes filter test

impurities

DNases, none detected, RNases, none detected, insoluble matter, passes filter test, phosphatases, none detected, proteases, none detected

color

white

color

white

color

white

color

white

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

Application

Glycine was used for preparing platelets from whole-blood samples and study the stimulation of cytokine expression in leukocytes. It was used for biochemical and tolerance tests.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycine has a pivotal role in lowering the plasma lipid levels in diabetic and obese patients by activating the CNS. During brain hypoxia glycine can stabilize the energetics disturbances in brain mitochondria. It also increases the in vitro development of porcine blastocysts when used along with glucose.
Inhibitory neurotransmitter in spinal cord, allosteric regulator of NMDA receptors.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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A A Selin et al.
Bulletin of experimental biology and medicine, 153(1), 44-47 (2012-07-19)
Glycine stabilizes energetics of brain mitochondria under conditions of brain hypoxia in vivo modeled by ligation of the common carotid artery in rats. Hypoxia reduced respiratory control in brain cortex mitochondria from 7.7 ± 0.5 to 4.5 ± 0.3. Preliminary
F Megraud et al.
Journal of clinical microbiology, 22(6), 1007-1010 (1985-12-01)
"Campylobacter pyloridis" has been recently described as a gastritis-associated bacterium. We studied 20 strains. The bacteria had most of the characteristics of Campylobacter spp. strains. They were hippurate negative and tolerant to triphenyl tetrazolium chloride (at 0.4 and 1 mg/ml).
Tomomi Mito et al.
Reproduction, fertility, and development, 24(3), 443-450 (2012-03-10)
In the present study, the effects of glucose and/or glycine on the in vitro development of Day 5 (Day 0=IVF) porcine blastocysts were determined. The addition of 2.5-10 mM glucose to the chemically defined culture medium porcine zygote medium (PZM)-5
Jessica T Y Yue et al.
Circulation research, 110(10), 1345-1354 (2012-04-05)
Dysregulation of hepatic triglyceride (TG)-rich very low-density lipoproteins (VLDL-TG) in obesity and type 2 diabetes contributes to the dyslipidemia that leads to cardiovascular morbidity. The central nervous system (CNS), particularly the hypothalamus, regulates hepatic lipid metabolism. Although the underlying neurocircuitry
F J Neumann et al.
Circulation, 95(10), 2387-2394 (1997-05-20)
Activated platelets tether and activate myeloid leukocytes. To investigate the potential relevance of this mechanism in acute myocardial infarction (AMI), we examined cytokine induction by leukocyte-platelet adhesion and the occurrence of leukocyte-platelet conjugates in patients with AMI. We obtained peripheral

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