Merck
All Photos(3)

401765

Sigma-Aldrich

Benzene

anhydrous, 99.8%

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C6H6
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
78.11
Beilstein:
969212
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

grade

anhydrous

vapor density

2.77 (vs air)

vapor pressure

166 mmHg ( 37.7 °C)
74.6 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

99.8%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

1043 °F

expl. lim.

8 %

technique(s)

toxicology assay: suitable

impurities

<0.001% water
<0.005% water (100 mL pkg)

evapn. residue

<0.0005%

refractive index

n20/D 1.501 (lit.)

bp

80 °C (lit.)

mp

5.5 °C (lit.)

density

0.874 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

c1ccccc1

InChI

1S/C6H6/c1-2-4-6-5-3-1/h1-6H

InChI key

UHOVQNZJYSORNB-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

Benzene is a six membered aromatic compound. The capability of superhalogen induced ionization of benzene molecules has been reported based on ab initio calculations. Benzene, a commonly used industrial solvent is also an air pollutant and a potent carcinogen.

Application

Benzene may be used in the following processes:
  • Formation of phenyl acetate by aerobic oxidation using Pd catalyst and acetic acid as solvent.
  • Formation of phenol by hydroxylation in the presence of mesoporous carbon nitride supported on vanadium catalyst.
  • As a solvent to prepare nanoparticles of gallium nitride (GaN) by reacting Li3N and GaCl3 at 280°C.

Packaging

1, 6×1, 2 L in Sure/Seal™
100, 12×100 mL in Sure/Seal™

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Carc. 1A - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 2 - Muta. 1B - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1

Target Organs

Blood

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

12.2 °F

Flash Point(C)

-11 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Ionizing benzene with superhalogens.
Czapla M, et al.
Chemical Physics Letters, 619, 32-35 (2015)
Palladium-catalyzed aerobic acetoxylation of benzene using NOx-based redox mediators.
Zultanski SL and Stahl SS.
Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 793, 263-268 (2015)
A benzene-thermal synthetic route to nanocrystalline GaN.
Xie Y, et al.
Science, 272(5270), 1926-1927 (1996)
Nicole M Taylor et al.
Microorganisms, 9(1) (2021-01-07)
The microbial degradation of recalcitrant hydrocarbons is an important process that can contribute to the remediation of oil and gas-contaminated environments. Due to the complex structure of subsurface terrestrial environments, it is important to identify the microbial communities that may
Vanadia supported on mesoporous carbon nitride as a highly efficient catalyst for hydroxylation of benzene to phenol.
Xu J, et al.
Catalysis Science & Technology, 5(3), 1504-1513 (2015)

Articles

Solvent Miscibility Table

Substances are said to be miscible in one another if they dissolve to form a uniform solution. Bookmark or download our miscibility table for common lab solvents.

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