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410225

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycine

ACS reagent, ≥98.5%

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Synonym(s):
Aminoacetic acid, Aminoethanoic acid, Glycocoll
Linear Formula:
NH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
75.07
Beilstein:
635782
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160406
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

Assay

≥98.5%

form

powder, crystals or granules

impurities

H2SO4, passes test (darkened)
Hydrolyzable subsances, passes test

ign. residue

≤0.1%

color

white

pKa (25 °C)

(1) 2.35, (2) 9.60
2.35

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.005%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.005%

cation traces

NH4+: ≤0.005%
heavy metals: ≤0.002% (by ICP)

application(s)

peptide synthesis

SMILES string

NCC(O)=O

InChI

1S/C2H5NO2/c3-1-2(4)5/h1,3H2,(H,4,5)

InChI key

DHMQDGOQFOQNFH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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This Item
5004615527G8790
vibrant-m

410225

Glycine

-
vibrant-m

50046

Glycine

Premium Grade
vibrant-m

15527

Glycine

Essential Grade
vibrant-m

G8790

Glycine

-
grade

ACS reagent

grade

for molecular biology

grade

-

grade

-

assay

≥98.5%

assay

≥99.0% (NT)

assay

99-101% (based on anhydrous substance)

assay

≥98.5%

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

300

cation traces

NH4+: ≤0.005%, heavy metals: ≤0.002% (by ICP)

cation traces

Al: ≤5 mg/kg, As: ≤0.1 mg/kg, Ba: ≤5 mg/kg, Bi: ≤5 mg/kg, Ca: ≤10 mg/kg, Cd: ≤5 mg/kg, Co: ≤5 mg/kg, Cr: ≤5 mg/kg, Cu: ≤5 mg/kg, Fe: ≤5 mg/kg, K: ≤50 mg/kg, Li: ≤5 mg/kg, Mg: ≤5 mg/kg, Mn: ≤5 mg/kg, Mo: ≤5 mg/kg, NH4+: ≤200 mg/kg, Na: ≤100 mg/kg, Ni: ≤5 mg/kg, Pb: ≤5 mg/kg, Sr: ≤5 mg/kg, Zn: ≤5 mg/kg

cation traces

-

cation traces

-

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

General description

Glycine is the simplest amino acid building block.

Application

Glycine has been used in whole-cell patch clamp recording to measure inward NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) currents. It has also been used as a model organic system in crystallography to demonstrate a novel acoustic nebulization platform.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycine is a non-essential amino acid. Influx of calcium through the cell membrane is mediated by glycine-gated channel. Glycine participates in the synthesis of porphyrins, purine and serine. It also serves as a competitive agonist for glutamate in binding to the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors. Glycine synthesis might be increased in rapidly proliferating cancer cells, due to increased demand for the amino acid.
Inhibitory neurotransmitter in spinal cord, allosteric regulator of NMDA receptors.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Controversial Effects of D-Amino Acid Oxidase Activator (DAOA)/G72 on D-Amino Acid Oxidase (DAO) Activity in Human Neuronal, Astrocyte and Kidney Cell Lines: The N-methyl D-aspartate (NMDA) Receptor Hypofunction Point of View
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A Novel Acoustomicrofluidic Nebulization Technique Yielding New Crystallization Morphologies
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Amino acids: metabolism, functions, and nutrition
Guoyao Wu
Amino Acids, 37(1), 1-17 (2009)
Metabolite Profiling Identifies a Key Role for Glycine in Rapid Cancer Cell Proliferation
Mohit Jain
Science, 336(6084), 1040-1044 (2012)
Alexander Carvajal-González et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 8), 2178-2192 (2014-06-22)
The clinical associations of glycine receptor antibodies have not yet been described fully. We identified prospectively 52 antibody-positive patients and collated their clinical features, investigations and immunotherapy responses. Serum glycine receptor antibody endpoint titres ranged from 1:20 to 1:60 000.

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