Merck
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77067

Supelco

Glycerol

analytical standard

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Synonym(s):
1,2,3-Propanetriol, Glycerin
Linear Formula:
HOCH2CH(OH)CH2OH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
92.09
Beilstein:
635685
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.24

grade

analytical standard

Quality Level

vapor density

3.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

<1 mmHg ( 20 °C)

Assay

≥98.5% (GC)

autoignition temp.

698 °F

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable
gas chromatography (GC): suitable

impurities

≤0.3% water

refractive index

n20/D 1.474 (lit.)

bp

182 °C/20 mmHg (lit.)

mp

20 °C (lit.)

density

1.25 g/mL (lit.)

application(s)

cleaning products
cosmetics
flavors and fragrances
food and beverages
personal care

format

neat

SMILES string

OCC(O)CO

InChI

1S/C3H8O3/c4-1-3(6)2-5/h3-6H,1-2H2

InChI key

PEDCQBHIVMGVHV-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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1 of 4

This Item
15523G6279G2025
Glycerol analytical standard

Supelco

77067

Glycerol

-
Glycerol puriss., meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, FCC, E422, anhydrous, 99.0-101.0% (alkalimetric)

Sigma-Aldrich

15523

Glycerol

Essential Grade
Glycerol BioXtra, &#8805;99% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

G6279

Glycerol

Premium Grade
Glycerol BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for electrophoresis, &#8805;99% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

G2025

Glycerol

Essential+ Grade
assay

≥98.5% (GC)

assay

99.0-101.0% (alkalimetric), 99.0-101.0% (calc. on H2O free substance)

assay

≥99% (GC)

assay

≥99% (GC)

shelf life

limited shelf life, expiry date on the label

shelf life

-

shelf life

-

shelf life

-

technique(s)

HPLC: suitable, gas chromatography (GC): suitable

technique(s)

IR spectroscopy: suitable, electrophoresis: suitable

technique(s)

-

technique(s)

cell culture | insect: suitable, cell culture | mammalian: suitable

application(s)

cleaning products
cosmetics
flavors and fragrances
food and beverages
personal care

application(s)

-

application(s)

-

application(s)

-

format

neat

format

-

format

-

format

-

General description

Glycerol is a simple polyol compound, which is obtained as a byproduct of soap and biodiesel industries.
Glycerol is odourless, colorless, viscous in nature, and exists as a sweet tasting liquid. It can be derived naturally as well as from petrochemical feedstock. Glycerol has a wide variety of applications, and is one of the most valuable and versatile chemical substances in nature. It can be used as an emollient, solvent, sweetening agent, in pharmaceutical formulations, cosmetics, foodstuffs and toiletries. It is very stable and can be easily stored under normal temperature; also it is non-irritating and has no adverse impact to the environment.
This substance is listed on the positive list of the EU regulation 10/2011 for plastics intended to come into contact with food. Find all available reference materials for compounds listed in 10/2011 here

Application

Glycerol has been used as
  • a supplement during cell culture of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium avium.
  • a fuel during designing enzymatic biofuel cell.
  • a liquid composite matrix with 4-HCCA and 3-amino­quinoline for analysis of neutral and acidic glycans.
  • a matrix for fast atom bombardment MS.
  • may be employed as liquid matrix for the quantification studies by MALDI (Matrix-assisted laser desorption/ionization mass spectrometry) analysis.
Glycerol may be used as a reference standard in the determination of glycerol in samples of beer using gas liquid chromatography (GLC).
Refer to the product′s Certificate of Analysis for more information on a suitable instrument technique. Contact Technical Service for further support.
Glycerol is used both in sample preparation and gel formation for polyacrylamide gel electrophoresis. Glycerol (5-10%) increases the density of a sample so that the sample will layer at the bottom of a gel′s sample well. Glycerol is also used to aid in casting gradient gels and as a protein stabilizer and storage buffer component.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Glycerol is hygroscopic in nature and is soluble in water owing to its three hydrophilic alcoholic hydroxyl groups. It can form both inter- and intramolecular hydrogen bonds, making it a very flexible molecule. The physiologic effect of glycerine is due to cell-mediated immunity, increased IgG production and increased histamine release.

Recommended products

Find a digital Reference Material for this product available on our online platform ChemisTwin® for NMR. You can use this digital equivalent on ChemisTwin® for your sample identity confirmation and compound quantification (with digital external standard). An NMR spectrum of this substance can be viewed and an online comparison against your sample can be performed with a few mouseclicks. Learn more here and start your free trial.

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

390.2 °F - Pensky-Martens closed cup

Flash Point(C)

199 °C - Pensky-Martens closed cup


Certificates of Analysis (COA)

Search for Certificates of Analysis (COA) by entering the products Lot/Batch Number. Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product’s label following the words ‘Lot’ or ‘Batch’.

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Example:

T1503
Product Number
-
25G
Pack Size/Quantity

Additional examples:

705578-5MG-PW

PL860-CGA/SHF-1EA

MMYOMAG-74K-13

1000309185

enter as 1.000309185)

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Lot and Batch Numbers can be found on a product's label following the words 'Lot' or 'Batch'.

Aldrich Products

  • For a lot number such as TO09019TO, enter it as 09019TO (without the first two letters 'TO').

  • For a lot number with a filling-code such as 05427ES-021, enter it as 05427ES (without the filling-code '-021').

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Glycerol BioReagent, suitable for cell culture, suitable for insect cell culture, suitable for electrophoresis, &#8805;99% (GC)

Sigma-Aldrich

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49770

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Glycerin meets USP testing specifications

Sigma-Aldrich

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Glycerol anhydrous for synthesis

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Glycerol

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Sigma-Aldrich

49781

Glycerol solution

The quantitative determination of glycerol in beer by gas?liquid chromatography.
Parker E W and Richardson J P.
Journal of the Institute of Brewing, 76(2), 191-198 (1970)
Biofuels: Securing the Planet?s Future Energy Needs (2008)
The Future of Glycerol (2010)
B E Aronson et al.
Biochimica et biophysica acta, 1839(11), 1273-1282 (2014-06-01)
GATA4 is expressed in the proximal 85% of small intestine where it promotes a proximal intestinal ('jejunal') identity while repressing a distal intestinal ('ileal') identity, but its molecular mechanisms are unclear. Here, we tested the hypothesis that GATA4 promotes a
Guntram Borck et al.
Genome research, 25(2), 155-166 (2015-01-07)
RNA polymerase III (Pol III) synthesizes tRNAs and other small noncoding RNAs to regulate protein synthesis. Dysregulation of Pol III transcription has been linked to cancer, and germline mutations in genes encoding Pol III subunits or tRNA processing factors cause

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