Merck
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134449

Sigma-Aldrich

p-Xylene

ReagentPlus®, 99%

Synonym(s):
1,4-Dimethylbenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H4(CH3)2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
106.17
Beilstein:
1901563
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.21

Quality Level

vapor density

3.7 (vs air)

vapor pressure

9 mmHg ( 20 °C)

product line

ReagentPlus®

assay

99%

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

984 °F

expl. lim.

7 %

technique(s)

GC/MS: suitable

refractive index

n20/D 1.495 (lit.)

bp

138 °C (lit.)

mp

12-13 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 0.2 g/L

density

0.861 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

SMILES string

Cc1ccc(C)cc1

InChI

1S/C8H10/c1-7-3-5-8(2)6-4-7/h3-6H,1-2H3

InChI key

URLKBWYHVLBVBO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

p-Xylene is an isomeric form of xylene. It undergoes Friedel-Crafts acylation reaction with various acids in the presence of zeolites (catalyst). It can be obtained from the mixtures of isomeric forms of xylene and ethylbenzene isolated from the naptha fraction of petroleum. Also, it can be prepared from toluene by employing ZSM (Zeolite Socony Mobil)-5 catalysts. It is a raw material for the manufacture of PET (poly(ethylene terephthalate)) bottles. Its sustainable synthesis from ethylene and dimethylfuran in the presence of zeolite catalysts has been reported.

Application

p-Xylene may be used in the synthesis of poly-p-xylene and terephthalic acid.
p-xylene mayumb be used in the single drop microextraction of the corresponding organochlorine pesticides in vegetables, separated via gas chromatography(GC)coupled with mass spectrometry(MS).

Packaging

1, 4 L in glass bottle
18 L in steel drum

Legal Information

ReagentPlus is a registered trademark of Sigma-Aldrich Co. LLC

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

80.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

27 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Analysis (COA).

Certificate of Origin

Enter Lot Number to search for Certificate of Origin (COO).

Mixed liquids for single-drop microextraction of organochlorine pesticides in vegetables
Zhang M, et al.
Talanta, 74(4), 599-604 (2008)
Cycloaddition of biomass-derived furans for catalytic production of renewable p-xylene.
Williams CL, et al.
ACS Catalysis, 2(6), 935-939 (2012)
Metal-organic framework MIL-101 for high-resolution gas-chromatographic separation of xylene isomers and ethylbenzene.
Zhi-Yuan Gu et al.
Angewandte Chemie (International ed. in English), 49(8), 1477-1480 (2010-01-22)
Ultra-selective cycloaddition of dimethylfuran for renewable p-xylene with H-BEA.
Chang CC, et al.
Green Chemistry, 16(2), 585-588 (2014)
Friedel-Crafts acylation of toluene and p-xylene with carboxylic acids catalyzed by zeolites.
Chiche B, et al.
The Journal of Organic Chemistry, 51(11), 2128-2130 (1986)

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