Merck
All Photos(3)

472476

Sigma-Aldrich

Chloroform

contains amylenes as stabilizer, ACS reagent, ≥99.8%

Synonym(s):
Methylidyne trichloride, Trichloromethane
Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
CHCl3
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
119.38
Beilstein:
1731042
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.04

grade

ACS reagent

Quality Level

vapor density

4.1 (vs air)

vapor pressure

160 mmHg ( 20 °C)

assay

≥99.8%

form

liquid

contains

amylenes as stabilizer

impurities

Acetone and aldehyde, passes test
Acid and chloride, passes test
Free chlorine (Cl), passes test
≤0.03% (water)

evapn. residue

0.001%

color

APHA: ≤10

refractive index

n20/D 1.445 (lit.)

bp

60.5-61.5 °C (lit.)

mp

−63 °C (lit.)

density

1.48 g/mL at 25 °C
1.492 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Pb: ≤0.05 ppm

SMILES string

ClC(Cl)Cl

InChI

1S/CHCl3/c2-1(3)4/h1H

InChI key

HEDRZPFGACZZDS-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Chloroform was used in the process for isolation of RNA from yeast.
It may be used in the following processes:
  • Synthesis of colloidal hydrophobic CdSe core nanocrystals (quantum dots).
  • Preparing phospholipid solutions.
  • As a solvent in the photolysis reaction of ruthenium complexes.
  • Solvent for recrystallization.
  • Reference compound to detect the presence of chloroform in tobacco smokes.
  • Extractant in solvent extraction process.

Packaging

500 mL in glass bottle
1, 2.5, 4×4 L in glass bottle

Pictograms

Skull and crossbonesHealth hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 3 Inhalation - Acute Tox. 4 Oral - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Carc. 2 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Repr. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT RE 1 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Central nervous system

Storage Class Code

6.1D - Non-combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic hazardous materials or hazardous materials causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 3

Flash Point(F)

does not flash

Flash Point(C)

does not flash

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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