Merck
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95682

Sigma-Aldrich

p-Xylene

puriss. p.a., ≥99.0% (GC)

Synonym(s):
1,4-Dimethylbenzene
Linear Formula:
C6H4(CH3)2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
106.17
Beilstein:
1901563
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:

vapor density

3.7 (vs air)

Quality Level

vapor pressure

9 mmHg ( 20 °C)

grade

puriss. p.a.

assay

≥99.0% (GC)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

984 °F

expl. lim.

7 %

impurities

≤0.5% o- and m-xylene (GC)
≤0.5% toluene (GC)

evapn. residue

≤0.002%

refractive index

n20/D 1.495 (lit.)
n20/D 1.495

bp

138 °C (lit.)

mp

12-13 °C (lit.)

solubility

water: soluble 0.2 g/L

density

0.861 g/mL at 20 °C (lit.)

cation traces

Al: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ba: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤0.05 mg/kg
Co: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cr: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Cu: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Fe: ≤0.1 mg/kg
K: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Li: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Mo: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Na: ≤0.5 mg/kg
Ni: ≤0.02 mg/kg
Pb: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Zn: ≤0.1 mg/kg

SMILES string

Cc1ccc(C)cc1

InChI

1S/C8H10/c1-7-3-5-8(2)6-4-7/h3-6H,1-2H3

InChI key

URLKBWYHVLBVBO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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General description

p-Xylene is an isomeric form of xylene. It undergoes Friedel-Crafts acylation reaction with various acids in the presence of zeolites (catalyst). It can be obtained from the mixtures of isomeric forms of xylene and ethylbenzene, isolated from the naptha fraction of petroleum. Also, it can be prepared from toluene by employing ZSM (Zeolite Socony Mobil)-5 catalysts. It is a raw material for the manufacture of PET (poly(ethylene terephthalate)) bottles. Sustainable synthesis of xylene from ethylene and dimethylfuran in the presence of zeolite catalysts has been reported.

Application

p-Xylene may be used in the synthesis of poly-p-xylene and terephthalic acid.

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Classifications

Acute Tox. 4 Dermal - Acute Tox. 4 Inhalation - Aquatic Chronic 3 - Asp. Tox. 1 - Eye Irrit. 2 - Flam. Liq. 3 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

3 - Flammable liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

80.6 °F - closed cup

Flash Point(C)

27 °C - closed cup

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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