Biliverdin hydrochloride

≥97.0% (TLC)

Empirical Formula (Hill Notation):
C33H34N4O6 · HCl
Molecular Weight:
PubChem Substance ID:

Quality Level


≥97.0% (TLC)


powder or crystals

storage temp.


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InChI key


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General description

Biliverdin (BV) is considered as a near-infrared (NIR)-absorbing pigment, that is endogenic. It is a linear tetrapyrrolic intermediate of heme degradation (heme catabolism) to bilirubin. The bile of amphibia and birds contains only biliverdine, no bilirubin.


Biliverdin hydrochloride has been used:
  • as a treatment to J774A.1 cells to study its role in alternation of beta (β)-endorphins level
  • as a commercial standard for the detection of biliverdin in mouse unstable and stable plaques tissues using liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS-MS)
  • to add to Fucci-containing cells to improve the mIFP signal
  • to examine its impact on infrared fluorescent protein (iRFP) in some retinal preparations

Biochem/physiol Actions

Biliverdin (BV) is an excellent anti-inflammatory agent that protects against lipopolysaccharides (LPS)-induced lung injury in mouse endothelial cells. It aids protection in polymicrobial sepsis. Biliverdin has cytoprotective effects on rat livers and protects from prolonged ischemia and reperfusion injury. It also shows antioxidant activities.


Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.


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Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system


11 - Combustible Solids

WGK Germany


Flash Point F

Not applicable

Flash Point C

Not applicable

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Marking cells with infrared fluorescent proteins to preserve photoresponsiveness in the retina
Fyk-Kolodziej B, et al.
Biotechniques, 57(5), 245-253 (2014)
Elin Claesson et al.
eLife, 9 (2020-04-02)
Phytochrome proteins control the growth, reproduction, and photosynthesis of plants, fungi, and bacteria. Light is detected by a bilin cofactor, but it remains elusive how this leads to activation of the protein through structural changes. We present serial femtosecond X-ray...
Self-Assembling Endogenous Biliverdin as a Versatile Near-Infrared Photothermal Nanoagent for Cancer Theranostics
Xing R, et al.
Advanced Materials, 1900822-1900822 (2019)
Min-Hyung Ryu et al.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America, 111(28), 10167-10172 (2014-07-02)
Bacteriophytochromes sense light in the near-infrared window, the spectral region where absorption by mammalian tissues is minimal, and their chromophore, biliverdin IXα, is naturally present in animal cells. These properties make bacteriophytochromes particularly attractive for optogenetic applications. However, the lack...
Biliverdin in biological systems
Cornelius, C. E. et al.
One Medicine: A Tribute to Kurt Benirschkle, 321-334 (1984)

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