Merck
All Photos(1)

47671

Sigma-Aldrich

Formamide

BioUltra, for molecular biology, ≥99.5% (T)

Synonym(s):
Amide C1, Formic amide
Linear Formula:
HCONH2
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
45.04
Beilstein:
505995
EC Number:
MDL number:
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.25

grade

for molecular biology

Quality Level

vapor density

1.55 (vs air)

vapor pressure

0.08 mmHg ( 20 °C)
30 mmHg ( 129 °C)

product line

BioUltra

assay

≥99.5% (T)

form

liquid

autoignition temp.

932 °F

technique(s)

hybridization: suitable

impurities

DNases, none detected
RNases, none detected
insoluble matter, passes filter test
phosphatases, none detected
proteases, none detected

ign. residue

≤0.1%

refractive index

n20/D 1.447 (lit.)
n20/D 1.447

pH

7-9 (25 °C, 1 M in H2O)

bp

210 °C (lit.)

mp

2-3 °C (lit.)

solubility

H2O: 10 M at 20 °C, clear, colorless

density

1.134 g/mL at 25 °C (lit.)

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤1 mg/kg
sulfate (SO42-): ≤10 mg/kg

cation traces

Ag: ≤5 mg/kg
Al: ≤1 mg/kg
As: ≤0.1 mg/kg
Ba: ≤1 mg/kg
Bi: ≤1 mg/kg
Ca: ≤5 mg/kg
Cd: ≤1 mg/kg
Co: ≤1 mg/kg
Cr: ≤1 mg/kg
Cu: ≤1 mg/kg
Fe: ≤1 mg/kg
K: ≤20 mg/kg
Li: ≤1 mg/kg
Mg: ≤1 mg/kg
Mn: ≤1 mg/kg
Mo: ≤1 mg/kg
NH4+: ≤1000 mg/kg
Na: ≤20 mg/kg
Ni: ≤1 mg/kg
Pb: ≤1 mg/kg
Sr: ≤1 mg/kg
Tl: ≤5 mg/kg
Zn: ≤1 mg/kg

SMILES string

NC=O

λ

10 M in H2O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.4
λ: 280 nm Amax: ≤0.1

InChI

1S/CH3NO/c2-1-3/h1H,(H2,2,3)

InChI key

ZHNUHDYFZUAESO-UHFFFAOYSA-N

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Application

Formamide destabilizes nucleic acid duplexes and may be used, typically, at a concentration of 50%, in hybridization protocols requiring lower hybridization temperatures.

Other Notes

For the preparation of formamide denaturing polyacrylamide gels; In situ hybridization on human chromosomes

Pictograms

Health hazard

Signal Word

Danger

Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Carc. 2 - Repr. 1B - STOT RE 2 Oral

Target Organs

Blood

Storage Class Code

6.1C - Combustible, acute toxic Cat.3 / toxic compounds or compounds which causing chronic effects

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

305.6 °F

Flash Point(C)

152 °C

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

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Certificate of Origin

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