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A2356

Sigma-Aldrich

Phosphatase, Alkaline from bovine intestinal mucosa

buffered aqueous glycerol solution, ≥5,500 DEA units/mg protein

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Synonym(s):
Alkaline phosphatase, Orthophosphoric-monoester phosphohydrolase (alkaline optimum)
CAS Number:
Enzyme Commission number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
42010105
NACRES:
NA.54

form

buffered aqueous glycerol solution

specific activity

≥5,500 DEA units/mg protein

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

concentration

≥10 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

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This Item
P7923P0114P6774
specific activity

≥5,500 DEA units/mg protein

specific activity

≥4,000 DEA units/mg protein

specific activity

≥5,700 DEA units/mg protein

specific activity

≥2,000 DEA units/mg protein

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

mol wt

dimer ~160 kDa

concentration

≥10 mg/mL

concentration

≥10.0 mg/mL

concentration

≥10 mg/mL

concentration

5-20 mg/mL

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

storage temp.

2-8°C

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Quality Level

200

Application

Alkaline phosphatase can be used to dephosphorylate casein and other proteins. Alkaline phosphatase may be also be used to dephosphorylate the 5′-termini of DNA or RNA to prevent self-ligation. DNA or RNA can also be tagged with radiolabeled phosphate (via T4 polynucleotide kinase) after dephosphorylation with alkaline phosphatase..
High specific activity grade recommended for antibody and protein conjugation.

Biochem/physiol Actions

The enzyme has a broad specificity for phosphate esters of alcohols, amines, pyrophosphate, and phenols. It is routinely used to dephosphorylate proteins and nucleic acids.

Physical properties

Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase is a dimeric, membrane-derived glycoprotein. At least three isoforms exist, which typically possess two N-linked and one or more O-linked glycans per monomer.
Bovine intestinal alkaline phosphatase is a dimeric, membrane-derived glycoprotein. At least three isoforms exist, which typically possess two N-linked and one or more O-linked glycans per monomer.2 The enzyme requires zinc, and magnesium or calcium divalent ions for activity.

Unit Definition

One DEA unit will hydrolyze 1 μmole of 4-nitrophenyl phosphate per minute at pH 9.8 at 37 °C. (One glycine unit is equivalent to ~3 DEA units)

Physical form

Solution in 40% glycerol containing 6 mM Tris, 6 mM MgCl2 and 0.12 mM ZnCl2, pH approximately 7.6

Analysis Note

Package sizes are based on DEA units

Storage Class Code

10 - Combustible liquids

WGK

WGK 2

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Wei Chen et al.
Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research, 33(4), 691-703 (2017-11-18)
CCAAT/enhancer-binding protein α (C/ebpα) is critical for osteoclastogenesis by regulating osteoclast (OC) lineage commitment and is also important for OC differentiation and function in vitro. However, the role of C/ebpα in postnatal skeletal development has not been reported owing to
Jun Tang et al.
The Journal of biological chemistry, 295(33), 11669-11681 (2020-06-24)
Despite years of research investigating osteoblast differentiation, the mechanisms by which transcription factors regulate osteoblast maturation, bone formation, and bone homeostasis is still unclear. It has been reported that runt-related transcription factor 1 (Runx1) is expressed in osteoblast progenitors, pre-osteoblasts
Tuanmao Guo et al.
Journal of orthopaedic surgery and research, 16(1), 313-313 (2021-05-16)
Growing evidence has implicated core-binding factor beta (Cbfb) as a contributor to osteoblast differentiation, which plays a key role in fracture healing. Herein, we aimed to assess whether Cbfb affects osteoblast differentiation after fibula fracture. Initially, we established a Cbfb
Sudha B Singh et al.
Scientific reports, 10(1), 3107-3107 (2020-02-23)
Intestinal alkaline phosphatase (IAP) regulates bicarbonate secretion, detoxifies lipopolysaccharide (LPS), regulates gut microbes, and dephosphorylates proinflammatory nucleotides. IAP also exhibits anti-inflammatory effects in a Toll-like Receptor-4 (TLR-4) dependent manner. However, it is not known whether IAP induces autophagy. We tested
Jong Kil Lee et al.
The Journal of experimental medicine, 211(8), 1551-1570 (2014-07-23)
In Alzheimer's disease (AD), abnormal sphingolipid metabolism has been reported, although the pathogenic consequences of these changes have not been fully characterized. We show that acid sphingomyelinase (ASM) is increased in fibroblasts, brain, and/or plasma from patients with AD and

Protocols

Diethanolamine Assay for the Enzymatic Assay of Alkaline Phosphatase (EC 3.1.3.1)

Enzymatic Assay of Alkaline Phosphatase, Diethanolamine Assay (EC 3. 1. 3. 1)

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