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Fluorescein isothiocyanate–dextran

average Mw 59,000-77,000

CAS Number:
MDL number:

Quality Level

biological source

bacterial (Leuconostoc mesenteroides)


FITC conjugate



mol wt

average Mw 59,000-77,000

extent of labeling

0.001-0.020 mol FITC per mol glucose

storage temp.


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General description

Dextran is a polymer of anhydroglucose. It is composed of approximately 95% alpha-D-(166) linkages. The remaining (163) linkages account for the branching of dextran. Conflicting data on the branch lengths implies that the average branch length is less than three glucose units. However, other methods indicate branches of greater than 50 glucose units exist. Native dextran has been found to have a molecular weight (MW) in the range of 9 million to 500 million. Lower MW dextrans will exhibit slightly less branching and have a more narrow range of MW distribution. Dextrans with MW greater than 10,000 behave as if they are highly branched. As the MW increases, dextran molecules attain greater symmetry. Dextrans with MW of 2,000 to 10,000, exhibit the properties of an expandable coil. At MW below 2,000, dextran is more rod-like. The MW of dextran is measured by one or more of the following methods: low angle laser light scattering, size exclusion chromatography, copper-complexation and anthrone reagent colorometric reducing-end sugar determination and viscosity.


FITC-dextran is used extensively in microcirculation and cell permeability research utilizing microfluorimetry. FITC-dextran has been used to study plant cell wall porosity and capillary permeability. Plasma proteins have been shown not to bind to FITC-dextran.
FITC-dextran is used in cardiovascular, microcirculation, perfusion, cell monolayer and cell membrane permeability research as fluorescent flux tracer compound that supports the measurement of processes such as blood flow, membrane damage, vascular drainage and renal elimination. Small FITC-dextrans are also used to measure processes such as endocytosis and cell junction permeability. FITC-dextran 70kDa (FD-70) may be used as a model compound for development of methods to deliver molecules into protoplasts and to study drug release from structures such as hydrogels and liposomes. It may be used in microvascular and cell monolayer permeability studies.
Dextran labeled with fluorescein isothiocyanate for possible use in perfusion studies in animals.


Bottomless glass bottle. Contents are inside inserted fused cone.

Preparation Note

Sigma typically tests the solubility of FITC dextrans in water at concentrations at or above 25 mg/ml. Solutions should be protected from light. In vivo, FITC-dextran is stable for more than 24 hours.


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Hazard Statements

Hazard Classifications

Eye Irrit. 2 - Skin Irrit. 2 - STOT SE 3

Target Organs

Respiratory system

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids



Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US),Eyeshields,Gloves

Certificate of Analysis

Certificate of Origin

Chengyun Yan et al.
Drug delivery and translational research, 7(3), 408-415 (2017-03-18)
In search of an effective and less toxic absorption enhancer, we synthesized primary amine acetylation of generation 2 polyamidoamine (G2 PAMAM) dendrimer (Ac-G2) by the reaction of G2 PAMAM dendrimer with acetic anhydride, and evaluated the effects of Ac-G2 on
K Tsuchiya et al.
Neurogastroenterology and motility : the official journal of the European Gastrointestinal Motility Society, 28(12), 1792-1805 (2016-06-11)
Stimulation of transient receptor potential ankyrin 1 (TRPA1), which abundantly expressed in enterochromaffin cells (ECC), has been reported to exert apparently contradictory results in in vitro contractility and in vivo gastrointestinal (GI) transit evaluations. The pharmaceutical-grade Japanese traditional medicine daikenchuto
Fan Wang et al.
Acta pharmacologica Sinica, 38(11), 1554-1565 (2017-08-05)
HIV infection is often associated with liver failure, which alters the pharmacokinetics of many drugs. In this study we investigated whether acute liver failure (ALF) altered the pharmacokinetics of the first-line anti-HIV agent zidovudine (AZT), a P-gp/BCRP substrate, in rats.
Jennifer Hirst et al.
eLife, 3, e02866-e02866 (2014-05-29)
The heterotetrameric AP and F-COPI complexes help to define the cellular map of modern eukaryotes. To search for related machinery, we developed a structure-based bioinformatics tool, and identified the core subunits of TSET, a 'missing link' between the APs and
Gaëlle Houthaeve et al.
ACS nano, 12(8), 7791-7802 (2018-07-13)
The nuclear envelope (NE) has long been considered to dismantle only during mitosis. However, recent observations in cancer cells and laminopathy patient cells have revealed that the NE can also transiently rupture during interphase, thereby perturbing cellular homeostasis. Although NE


FITC-labelled polysaccharides

Additional information about FITC-labelled polysaccarides including FITC-Dextran, FITC-DEAE-dextran (FDD), FITC-carboxymethyl-dextran (FCM-Dextran). This page discusses the impact of weight-average molecular weight on the respective molecule dimensions and other physical properties

Related Content

Fluorescein Isothiocyanate-Dextran

Dextran is a polymer of anhydroglucose. It is composed of approximately 95% alpha-D-(166) linkages. The remaining (163) linkages account for the branching of dextran.

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