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G7403

Sigma-Aldrich

Glycine

BioXtra, ≥99% (titration)

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Synonym(s):
Aminoacetic acid, Aminoethanoic acid, Glycocoll
Linear Formula:
NH2CH2COOH
CAS Number:
Molecular Weight:
75.07
Beilstein:
635782
EC Number:
MDL number:
eCl@ss:
32160406
PubChem Substance ID:
NACRES:
NA.26

product line

BioXtra

Quality Level

Assay

≥99% (titration)

form

powder

technique(s)

electron microscopy: suitable

impurities

Insoluble matter, passes filter test

ign. residue

≤0.05%

loss

≤0.05% loss on drying, HV, 20-26 °C

color

white

pKa (25 °C)

(1) 2.35, (2) 9.60
2.35

mp

240 °C (dec.) (lit.)

solubility

1 M HCl: 1 M, clear, colorless

anion traces

chloride (Cl-): ≤0.005%
sulfate (SO42-): ≤0.005%

cation traces

Al: ≤0.0005%
As: ≤0.00001%
Ba: ≤0.0005%
Bi: ≤0.0005%
Ca: ≤0.001%
Cd: ≤0.0005%
Co: ≤0.0005%
Cr: ≤0.0005%
Cu: ≤0.0005%
Fe: ≤0.0005%
K: ≤0.005%
Li: ≤0.0005%
Mg: ≤0.0005%
Mn: ≤0.0005%
Mo: ≤0.0005%
NH4+: ≤0.02%
Na: ≤0.02%
Ni: ≤0.0005%
Pb: ≤0.0005%
Sr: ≤0.0005%
Zn: ≤0.0005%

absorption

≤0.04 at 260 in 1 M HCl at 1 M
≤0.04 at 280 in 1 M HCl at 1 M

SMILES string

NCC(O)=O

UV absorption

λ: 260 nm Amax: ≤0.04
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.003
λ: 260 nm Amax: 0.006

InChI

1S/C2H5NO2/c3-1-2(4)5/h1,3H2,(H,4,5)

InChI key

DHMQDGOQFOQNFH-UHFFFAOYSA-N

Gene Information

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This Item
15527G7126410225
Glycine BioXtra, ≥99% (titration)

Sigma-Aldrich

G7403

Glycine

Premium Grade
Glycine meets analytical specification of Ph. Eur., BP, USP, 99-101% (based on anhydrous substance)

Sigma-Aldrich

15527

Glycine

Essential Grade
Glycine ReagentPlus®, ≥99% (HPLC)

Sigma-Aldrich

G7126

Glycine

-
Glycine ACS reagent, ≥98.5%

Sigma-Aldrich

410225

Glycine

-
assay

≥99% (titration)

assay

99-101% (based on anhydrous substance)

assay

≥99% (HPLC)

assay

≥98.5%

form

powder

form

crystalline powder

form

powder

form

powder, crystals or granules

technique(s)

electron microscopy: suitable

technique(s)

IR spectroscopy: suitable

technique(s)

western blot: suitable

technique(s)

-

impurities

Insoluble matter, passes filter test

impurities

hydrolyzable substances, complies, organic volatile impurities, complies (GC), residual solvents, complies, ≤0.001% heavy metals (as Pb), ≤1.0% ninhydrin-positive substances

impurities

≤0.01% Ammonia

impurities

H2SO4, passes test (darkened), Hydrolyzable subsances, passes test

color

white

color

white

color

white to off-white

color

white

Application

Glycine has been used to quench unreacted aldehyde during sample (nuclei) preparation for scanning electron microscope. It has also been used for sample fixation in the process of immunolabeling.

Biochem/physiol Actions

Inhibitory neurotransmitter in spinal cord, allosteric regulator of NMDA receptors.
Glycine is a non-essential amino acid. Influx of calcium through the cell membrane is mediated by glycine-gated channel. Glycine participates in the synthesis of porphyrins, purine and serine. It also serves as a competitive agonist for glutamate in binding to the NMDA (N-methyl-D-aspartate) receptors. Glycine synthesis might be increased in rapidly proliferating cancer cells, due to increased demand for the amino acid.

Storage Class Code

11 - Combustible Solids

WGK

WGK 1

Flash Point(F)

Not applicable

Flash Point(C)

Not applicable

Personal Protective Equipment

dust mask type N95 (US), Eyeshields, Gloves

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Pre-embedding immunogold labeling to optimize protein localization at subcellular compartments and membrane microdomains of leukocytes.
Melo RC
Nature Protocols, 9(10), 2382-2394 (2014)
Visualization of the nucleus and nuclear envelope in situ by SEM in tissue culture cells.
Allen TD
Nature Protocols, 2(5), 1180-1184 (2007)
Metabolite Profiling Identifies a Key Role for Glycine in Rapid Cancer Cell Proliferation
Mohit Jain
Science, 336(6084), 1040-1044 (2012)
Alexander Carvajal-González et al.
Brain : a journal of neurology, 137(Pt 8), 2178-2192 (2014-06-22)
The clinical associations of glycine receptor antibodies have not yet been described fully. We identified prospectively 52 antibody-positive patients and collated their clinical features, investigations and immunotherapy responses. Serum glycine receptor antibody endpoint titres ranged from 1:20 to 1:60 000.
Amino acids: metabolism, functions, and nutrition.
Wu G
Amino Acids, 37(1), 1-17 (2009)

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